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Vancouver - Referencing Guide

AI Generated Content


The Vancouver (International Committee of Medical Journal Editors) Style does not currently include referencing guidelines for AI tools such as Microsoft Copilot for Microsoft 365.

Referencing AI-generated material as the primary source is not acceptable.

This is interim advice only and subject to change.

How do I reference something created by generative AI?

It is recommended that references for generative AI content be based on the referencing guidance for

Rather than citing Generative AI as a source of information, you should, instead, be citing the use of a tool - Generative AI.

References should provide clear and accurate information for each source and should identify where they have been used in your work.

Generative AI tools such as ChatGPT cannot accurately cite their own sources.
Any references they provide may be false or non-existent – you should always check the original source for any references that are generated.

It is recommended prompts submitted to generate content be included in an Appendix to your paper or presentation.


In text format for App/software

(Software name, response to user input, Year, Month Day)



App/Software Reference

1. Microsoft. Microsoft Copilot for Microsoft 365 [Computer Software] 2023 [Cited 2024 June 11]. Available from:


In text citation

As generated by the generative AI program (Microsoft Copilot for Microsoft 365, 2023)

According to Microsoft Copilot for Microsoft 365 (2023) there is a strong correlation between diabetes and obesity...

AI can be used to create product designs and optimise business processes (Microsoft Copilot for Microsoft 365, response to prompt Describe how AI can be used in product design, June 11, 2024).


If the chat is saved, is shareable, or otherwise retrievable - cite ChatGPT as software, otherwise cite as 'personal communications', otherwise cite as App/ Software


See the All Examples page for examples of in-text and reference list entries for specific resources such as articles, books, social media, and web pages.

Reference List Entries

This guide divides reference list entries into different formats for ease of use.
Select the format you require from the Reference List Entries menu or select from the links below: