Skip to Main Content

Vancouver - Referencing Guide



 Standard format for citation

#. Author A, Author B. Title of e-book: subtitle [format]. Place: Publisher; Date of original publication [cited year abbreviated month day]. Available from: URL.


Electronic books

1. van Belle G, Fisher LD, Heagerty PJ, Lumley TS. Biostatistics: a methodology for the health sciences [e-book]. 2nd ed. Somerset (NJ): Wiley InterScience; 2003 [cited 2005 Jun 30]. Available from:

2. Sommers-Flanagan J, Sommers-Flanagan R. Clinical interviewing [e-book]. 5th ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons; 2015 [cited 2015 Jun 30]. Available from:

Chapter from an electronic book

3. Jones NA, Gagnon CM. The neurophysiology of empathy. In: Farrow TFD, Woodruff PWR, editors. Empathy in mental illness [e-book]. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge University Press; 2007 [cited 2010 Aug 10]: 217-38. Available from:

Article from an electronic reference book

4. Widdicombe J. Respiration. In: Blakemore C, Jennett S, editors. The Oxford companion to the body [e-book]. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2001 [cited 2005 Jun 30]. Available from:

Article from an electronic encyclopaedia

5. Lee HC, Pagliaro EM. Serology: blood identification. In: Siegel J, Knupfer G, Saukko P, editors. Encyclopedia of forensic sciences [e-book]. San Diego: Academic Press; 2000 [cited 2005 Jun 30]:1331-8. Available from:

Article from an electronic dictionary:  No author

6. Haemocytoblast. In: The Oxford dictionary of sports science and medicine [e-book]. Oxford (UK): Oxford University Press; 2007 [cited 2010 Aug 6]. Available from:

See the All Examples page for examples of in-text and reference list entries for specific resources such as articles, e-books, and web pages.