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Vancouver - Referencing Guide



Standard format for citation


#. Author AA. Title of thesis: subtitle. Unpublished thesis type [format]. Location of University: University; Year.



#. Author AA. Title of thesis: subtitle. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication.


From the Internet:

#. Author AA. Title of thesis: subtitle. Thesis type [format]. Location of University: University; Year. Available from: URL.


Thesis in print: Unpublished

1. Borkowski MM. Infant sleep and feeding: a telephone survey of Hispanic Americans. PhD [dissertation]. Mount Pleasant (MI): Central Michigan University; 2002.

2. Hincks CL. The detection and characterisation of novel papillomaviruses. Biomedical Science, Honours [thesis]. Murdoch (WA): Murdoch University; 2001.

Thesis in print: Published

3. Gruszczynski L. Regulating health and environmental risks under WTO law: a critical analysis of the SPS agreement. New York: Oxford University Press; 2010.

Thesis from the Internet

4. Gethin, A. Poor suburbs and poor health: exploring the potential of a locational approach to reducing health disadvantage in Australian cities. PhD [dissertation]. Sydney: University of Western Sydney; 2007. Available from:

See the All Examples page for examples of in-text and reference list entries for specific resources such as articles, books, theses and web pages.