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Vancouver - Referencing Guide


Standard Vancouver Abbreviations

Standard abbreviations may be used in your citations.

A list of appropriate abbreviations can be found below:




et alii, et aliae (and others) - from Latin

et al.
Number (series) No.
Page(s) (book) p.
Paragraph para.
Revised rev.
Supplement Suppl
Volume (book) Vol.

Place Names

The names of US states and territories are abbreviated in the reference list; use the official two-letter U.S. Postal Service abbreviations and enclose the abbreviation in round brackets.

To cite locations outside of the United States, include city and country names.

The names of Australian states may be abbreviated using standard Australia Post abbreviations.

Enclose state and country names in round brackets

Some examples:

Clevedon (UK): Channel View Publications

Hoboken (NJ): John Wiley & Sons

London (UK): Taylor & Francis

Newbury Park (CA): Sage

Frenchs Forest (NSW): Pearson Education Australia

Pretoria (South Africa): Unisa

Journal Names

Search the National Library of Medicine Catalog to source the journal abbreviation to use in a reference.