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APA - Referencing Guide

Legal Materials

Examples

Reported cases in a series organised by volume

In-text
(King v Philcox (2015)) OR King v Philcox (2015)

Reference List
King v Philcox (2015) 255 CLR 30.

 

Reported cases in a series organised by year

In-text
(Mond v Lipshut (1999))  OR  Mond v Lipshut (1999)

Reference List
Mond v Lipshut [1999] 2 VR 342.

Constitution

In-text

The Constitution of the Commonwealth of Australia may be cited as the 

Australian Constitution

OR   

Commonwealth Constitution

OR   

Constitution if there is no ambiguity as to which constitution is being cited

Reference List
The Constitution (Cth). Retrieved from https://www.legislation.gov.au//Details/C2005Q00193

Commonwealth legislation

In-text

Example 1:

(Corporations Act 2001 (Cth), s. 1)   

Example 2:

Section 1 of the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth) states ...

(Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (Cth), sch. 2: The Australian Consumer Law, pt. 3-2, sub-div. 64)
 

Reference List
 

Corporations Act 2001 (Cth). https://www.legislation.gov.au//Details/C2019C00216

Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (Cth). https://www.legislation.gov.au/Details/C2020C00006

 

State legislation

In-text
(Land Tax Act 2002, s. 1) OR (Land Tax Act 2002 (WA), s. 1)

Reference List
Land Tax Act 2002 (WA).

Bills

In-text
(Trade Practices Amendment (Australian Consumer Law) Bill (No. 2) 2010 (Cth), cl. 7.10)

OR   

As found in the Trade Practices Amendment (Australian Consumer Law) Bill (No. 2) (2010, cl. 7.10) ...

Reference List

Trade Practices Amendment (Australian Consumer Law) Bill (No. 2) 2010 (Cth). https://www.legislation.gov.au/Details/C2010B00061

Explanatory Memorandum

In-text
(Explanatory Memorandum, Trade Practices Amendment (Australian Consumer Law) Bill (No. 2) 2010, p. 179)
 

Reference List
Explanatory Memorandum, Trade Practices Amendment (Australian Consumer Law) Bill (No. 2) 2010. https://www.legislation.gov.au/Details/C2010B00061/Explanatory%20Memorandum/Text

Second Reading Speeches (Parliamentary debates)

In-text
In the Minister's Second Reading Speech (Commonwealth, 2010, p. 4284), provisions covering unfair practices ... 

Reference List
Commonwealth. Parliamentary debates. Senate. 24 June 2010. https://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/genpdf/chamber/hansards/2010-06-24/0103/hansard_frag.pdf;fileType=application%2Fpdf

Delegated legislation (Regulations)

In-text

(Competition and Consumer Regulations 2010 (Cth), reg. 90.)

Reference List
Competition and Consumer Regulations 2010 (Cth). https://www.legislation.gov.au//Details/F2019C00785

Do Not Reference Tertiary Materials

Sources such as dictionaries and encyclopaedia, are NOT considered acceptable material upon which to base academic legal research,
so should NOT be included in Reference Lists for Murdoch University Students.

Students should source the original quotation using the citation that is referenced in encyclopaedia articles.

United Nations materials

Official/legal documents, such as resolutions, treaties, Charter of the United Nations, official reports or records should follow AGLC Rules 8 (Treaties) or 9 (United Nations Materials).

Other documents should be cited as per their format: Internet/website material, journal articles, press releases, publications, etc..

The UN provides information on how to reference its documents.
Wherever it mentions The Bluebook (U.S. legal referencing rules), replace this with the relevant AGLC rule.

Subsequent citations

In-text

(Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (Cth), sch. 2: The Australian Consumer Law (ACL), pt. 3-2, sub-div. 64)
     - this allows for subsequent references as ACL

(Trade Practices Amendment (Australian Consumer Law) Bill (No. 2) 2010) (Cth) (ACL Bill), cl. 7.10)
     - this allows for subsequent references as ACL Bill 

(Explanatory Memorandum, Trade Practices Amendment (Australian Consumer Law) Bill (No. 2) 2010) (ACL EM)
     - this allows for subsequent references as ACL EM 

Information

In the 7th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2020), Chapter 11, Legal References advises:

"In this chapter, we provide ... examples of common legal references used in APA style papers, including court decisions, statutes, legislative materials... For brevity, only United States and United Nations legal examples are provided in this chapter." (p. 355).

For this reason, all students, when asked to cite Australian legal materials using APA Style, should follow the examples given in the table.
For further examples refer to the AGLC - Referencing Guide.