Skip to main content

APA - Referencing Guide

Citing Images

Citing Images

All images, referred to in the text or reproduced in an essay, assignment or presentation, must be cited and included in your reference list.

When referring to an image in the text of your essay, give a short citation consisting of the name of the creator(s) or author(s), the date of publication or creation and, if appropriate, the relevant page, figure, table, paragraph number or time:

Debate raged about the ethics of child care after the publication of the cartoon "Thoughts of a Baby Lying in a Child Care Centre" in the Sydney Morning Herald (Leunig, 1995, p. 24).

The power and strength of the female athlete is depicted in Leibovitz's portrait of Jackie Joyner-Kersee (1996, p. 72).

The positive and negative implications of five aspects of Confucian ethics were analysed (Yeh & Xu, 2010, Table 1).

Ardagna et al. have created a three layer structure for e-services; e-service components, an application server and the operating system platform (2008, Figure 1).

Ryder has created a framework to illustrate the major factors which influence moral decision making (2006, para. 10).

The fear of the officers, who had no desire to meet with Ned Kelly, is unambiguously portrayed on the face of the trooper in the painting The Encounter (Nolan, 1946).

The artistic process of characterisation is explained (Kessel, 1995, min.10:10).

When reproducing or adapting an image, a caption should be placed immediately above the image and the appropriate attribution below:

Image from a book

Jackie Joyner-Kersee

From Leibovitz, A. (1996). Olympic portraits. Little Brown.

Image from a book chapter

E-services Three-layered Structure

From Ardagna, C. A., Damiani, E., Frati, F., & Madravio, M. (2007). Open-source solution to secure e-government services. In A-V   Anttiroiko & M. Malkia (Eds.), Encyclopedia of digital government (pp. 1300-1305). Idea Group Reference. http://www.igi-global.com/

Image from a database

 Hamlet's Soliloquy

From Kessel, M. (Director). (1995). The making of a monologue: Robert Wilson's Hamlet [video,1:02:18 mins]. Cinema Guild.

Image from a journal article

Table 1. The Positive and Negative Implications of Confucian Ideas

From Yeh, Q-J., & Xu, X. (2010). The effect of Confucian work ethics on learning about science and technology knowledge and morality. Journal of Business Ethics, 95, 111-128. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-009-0352-1

Image from a newspaper article

Thoughts of a Baby Lying in a Child Care Centre

From Leunig, M. (1995, July 27). Thoughts of a baby lying in a child care centre. The Sydney Morning Herald, p. 24.

Image from an internet site

The Problem of Values

Adapted from Ryder, A.C. (2018). Ethics in action. http://www.ethicsinaction.com

Online image or artwork

The Encounter

From Nolan, S. (1946). The encounter [enamel paint on composition board]. National Gallery of Australia. http://cs.nga.gov.au/Detail.cfm?IRN=28938