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APA - Referencing Guide

Internet Documents


Cite documents published on the internet according to the specific guidelines for the type of document. More specific information is available for AI Generated ContentBooks, Journal articles, Reports and Social Media.

Government reports and company annual reports are examples of documents that may be published on the Internet.

For a page from an organisation’s website without individual authors, use the name of the organisation as the author.

Do not include the site name if it is the same as the author's.

Do not include the publisher's name if it is the same as the author's 

Note: If no author or editor is given and the document is not a part, article or chapter, then citation is by title, with the title preceding the year of publication.


Standard format for citation

Author, A. A. (Year). Title: Subtitle (edition). Publisher. URL


Standard format for citation

Author, A. (Year, Month, Date). Title: Subtitle [Format]. Source. URL 


Standard format for citation web page or blog

Author, A. [Screen name if applicable]. (Year, Month, Date). Page or article title: Subtitle. Website or blog title: Subtitle. URL 



Electronic document

Murray, G. (2005). A duty of care to children and young people in Western Australia: Report on the quality assurance and review of unsubstantiated allegations of abuse in care: 1 April 2004 to 12 September 2005. Western Australia, Department of Child Protection.

Electronic document: no author

How to cite references (1996). Murdoch University Library.


OpenAI. (2022). ChatGPT (Version 3) [AI text generation tool].

OpenAI. (2023, January 17). [ChatGPT response to a prompt about three prominent themes in Emily Dickinson’s poetry]. 

Analytics report

Google Analytics. (2017). Analytics 3.1: Water Corporation domain only (excluding internal traffic and bots%2Fspiders) overview 20160701-20170630. http://Analytics 3.1 Water Corporation Domain Only (Excluding Internal Traffic and Bots%2FSpiders) Overview 20160701-20170630.pdf

App / Software

StudentVIP. (2017). Lost on Campus (Version 4.1.3) [Mobile app]. Apple App Store.

Blog post

Flower, R. (2015, June 1). How a simple formula for resolving problems and conflict can change your reality. Pick The Brain.

Taylor, T. [Tiffany T]. (2022, December 13). Amazing cardiac nursing basics guide for students. The Nurse Break.


LawAnswers. (2023). Criminal Law Forum.

Forum post

imaximis (2023, January 17). I bought a car with a false signature [Forum post to Criminal Law Forum]. LawAnswers.

Comment on forum post 

Veith, R. (2023, February 1). If you have proof of purchase then you should be at little risk as long as you paid fair market value. [Response to the forum post I bought a car with a false signature]. LawAnswers.


Persson, M., & Bergensten, J. (2011). Minecraft [Game]. Mojang Synergies AB.


Goldberg, I. (2000). Dr. Ivan's depression central.

Click here for more details on referencing a Webpage on a Website
Whole websites should not be referenced.

To mention a website in general, and not any particular information on that site, provide the name of the website in the text and include the URL in parentheses.

See the All Examples page for examples of in-text and reference list entries for specific resources such as articles, books, Internet documents, and web pages.