Skip to Main Content

APA - Referencing Guide


Standard APA Abbreviations

Standard abbreviations may be used in your citations.

A list of acceptable, commonly used abbreviations can be found in the Publication manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed., pp. 306-307.

Some of the more often used examples are listed here:



Editor(s) Ed.(Eds.)

et alii, et aliae (and others) - from Latin

et al.
No date of publication n.d.
Number No.
Page(s) p. (pp.)
Paragraph(s) para(s).
Part Pt.
Revised edition Rev. ed.
Supplement Suppl.
Technical Report Tech. Rep.
Translator(s) Trans.
Volume (as in Vol. 4) Vol.
Volumes (as in 4 Vols.) Vols.