• All images, referred to in the text or reproduced in an essay, assignment or presentation, must be cited and included in your reference list.
• For more information about copyright, the use of images, and open access sources of images, please go to Copyright Matters.
Standard formats for citation
Image reproduced in a book:
Artist or Creator, A. (Year). Title: Subtitle [medium (if appropriate)]. Reproduced in Full details of book.
Image from a database:
Artist or Creator, A. (Credit). (Year). Title: Subtitle [medium (if appropriate), length of work (if appropriate)]. Place: Publisher. Retrieved Month date, Year, from Database name.
Artist or Creator, A. (Year). Title: Subtitle [medium (if appropriate)]. Place: Publisher. Retrieved from internet address
Original image/artwork (viewed in a gallery or collection):
Artist or Creator, A. (Year). Title: Subtitle [medium (if appropriate)]. Place: Gallery or Collection.
Image/photograph/artwork from a book
Leibovitz, A. (1996). Olympic portraits. Boston: Little Brown.
Mapplethorpe, R. (1989). Some women. Boston: Bulfinch Press.
Reproduction in a book
Bedford, P. (2001). Dingo dreaming [ochre on canvas]. Reproduced in McCulloch, S., & McCulloch Childs, E. (2008). McCulloch's contemporary Aboriginal art : The complete guide (p.154). Fitzroy, Vic: McCulloch & McCulloch Australian Art Books.
Image from a book chapter
Ardagna, C. A., Damiani, E., Frati, F., & Madravio, M. (2007). Open-source solution to secure e-government services. In A-V. Anttiroiko & M. Malkia (Eds.), Encyclopedia of digital government (pp. 1300-1305). Hershey, PA: Idea Group Reference. retrieved from IGI Global, http://www.igi-global.com/
Hockley, L. (2008). Science fiction. In G. Creber (Ed.), The television genre book (2nd ed., pp. 36-42). London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Image from a journal article
Smith, P. J. (2015). Flight of fancy. Sight&Sound, 25(1), 28-31.
Yeh, Q-J., & Xu, X. (2010). The effect of Confucian work ethics on learning about science and technology knowledge and morality. Journal of Business Ethics, 95, 111-128. doi:10.1007/s10551-009-0352-1
Image from a newspaper
Leunig, M. (1995, July 27). Thoughts of a baby lying in a child care centre. The Sydney Morning Herald, p. 24.
Image from a database
Kessel, M. (Director). (1995). The Making of a Monologue: Robert Wilson's Hamlet [video,1:02:18 mins]. New York: Cinema Guild. Retrieved January 29, 2015, from Theatre in Video.
Heimans, R. (1996). Gloves Off (Tom Uren) [oil paint on canvas]. Canberra: National Portrait Gallery. Retrieved from http://www.portrait.gov.au/portraits/2000.36/gloves-off-tom-uren
Newbold, C. R. (2014). Can I Use that Picture? The Terms, Laws, and Ethics for Using Copyrighted Pictures. The Visual Communication Guy. Retrieved from http://thevisualcommunicationguy.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/Infographic_CanIUseThatPicture4.jpg
Nolan, S. (1946). The Encounter [enamel paint on composition board]. Canberra: National Gallery of Australia. Retrieved from http://cs.nga.gov.au/Detail.cfm?IRN=28938
Ryder, M. (2006). Driving Action with "Values". Archestra. Retrieved from http://www.malcolmryder.com/archives/2006/07/
Google Maps. (2015, February 5). The British Library, London, UK. Google. Retrieved from https://www.google.com.au/maps/place/The+British+Libraryemail@example.com,-0.127676,17z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m2!3m1!1s0x48761b3b70171395:0x18905479de0fdb25
Original image/artwork (viewed in a gallery or collection)
Angus, J. (2006). Gorilla, Gorilla, Gorilla [wood veneers, nylon]. Perth: Art Gallery of Western Australia.