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AGLC - Referencing Guide

AGLC Style

About Australian Guide To Legal Citation Style

Proper citation serves important rule of law purposes.

Citations should contain the information needed to locate sources quickly and easily.

Footnotes should be used to:

  • provide authority for a proposition
  • acknowledge a source relevant to an argument
  • provide information that enables the retrieval of relevant sources and quotations that appear in the text
  • provide other information that is not appropriate to include in the text

The Legal Citation Lesson explains AGLC in more detail. 

About Footnotes

Footnotes use a notational method of referencing when referring to a source of information within the text of a document.

A number, in superscript format, is placed in the text of the essay, indicates the relevant footnote and again at the bottom of the page in front of the footnote.


Footnotes are listed at the bottom of the page on which a citation is made.

Citations are numbered sequentially in the order in which they appear in the text.

Each citation corresponds to a numbered footnote at the bottom of the page containing publication information about the source:



A footnote lists the author, title and publication details of a work and subsequent citations are given in a shortened form.

A full reference list of all works cited must be provided at the end of the paper.

Reference list entries contain all the information needed to source the referenced material.

 See Sources or All Examples for details on how to construct references for specific resources such as books, journals and web pages.

Other Referencing Styles

There may be times when another citation style is required:

  • Criminology students typically use American Psychological Association (APA) citation.
    • APA takes into account the material used in psychology, such as psychological tests, statistics and case studies.
  • Business students typically use Chicago citation.

For information about these and other citation styles see the Library's referencing guides.

It is the responsibility of each student to confirm the citation style required before work is submitted.
If you are unsure, check your unit guide or speak to your tutors and lecturers.

AGLC3 v AGLC4 - Changes

Consult the Summary of Changes between AGLC3 and AGLC4 for full details.

Important inclusions are:

  • alterations to how subsequent references are made to previously cited sources, including to which source types subsequent reference can be made (rules 1.4.1 and 1.4.2)
  • amendments to the rule for short titles and a new rule for abbreviations and defined terms (rule 1.4.4)
  • additional guidance for subsequent references within the same footnote (rule 1.4.6)
  • additional explanation and examples for ordering sources within a bibliography (rule 1.13)
  • new rules for citing concurring, dissenting judgments (rule 2.4.2)
  • new rule for citing joint and separate judgments (rule 2.4.3)
  • a simplified rule on where to include issue numbers/identifiers for journal articles (rule 5.11)
  • a new rule for citing forthcoming and advance journal articles (rule 5.11)
  • updated rule for citing online journal articles (rule 5.10)
  • new rule for abbreviations and defined terms (rule 1.4.5)
  • new rules for citing intellectual property materials (rule 7.9)
  • new rule for citing periodicals, newsletters, magazines (rule 7.11.3)
  • new rule for citing films, television series, podcasts (rule 7.14)
  • new rule for citing social media posts (rule 7.16)

Important Information

Created December 2018; modified July 2019

Check with your unit co-ordinator or tutor before submitting your assignments, as their style preference may vary from the guidelines presented here.

When using EndNote referencing software, use the AGLC (UTS) output style.
For information about EndNote and downloading output style templates, please see the EndNote Guide.


This referencing guide follows the principles and examples given in the Australian Guide to Legal Citation (4th ed, 2018).