Proper citation serves important rule of law purposes.
Citations should contain the information needed to locate sources quickly and easily.
Footnotes should be used to:
The Legal Citation Lesson explains AGLC in more detail.
Footnotes use a notational method of referencing when referring to a source of information within the text of a document.
A number, in superscript format, is placed in the text of the essay, indicates the relevant footnote and again at the bottom of the page in front of the footnote.
Footnotes are listed at the bottom of the page on which a citation is made.
Citations are numbered sequentially in the order in which they appear in the text.
Each citation corresponds to a numbered footnote at the bottom of the page containing publication information about the source:
A footnote lists the author, title and publication details of a work and subsequent citations are given in a shortened form.
A full reference list of all works cited must be provided at the end of the paper.
Reference list entries contain all the information needed to source the referenced material.
See Sources or All Examples for details on how to construct references for specific resources such as books, journals and web pages.
There may be times when another citation style is required:
For information about these and other citation styles see the Library's referencing guides.
It is the responsibility of each student to confirm the citation style required before work is submitted.
If you are unsure, check your unit guide or speak to your tutors and lecturers.
Created December 2018; modified July 2019
Check with your unit co-ordinator or tutor before submitting your assignments, as their style preference may vary from the guidelines presented here.
When using EndNote referencing software, use the AGLC (UTS) output style.
For information about EndNote and downloading output style templates, please see the EndNote Guide.
This referencing guide follows the principles and examples given in the Australian Guide to Legal Citation (4th ed, 2018).