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ACS - Referencing Guide



From a full text database

•  Full text databases include IEEE Xplore, ScienceDirect, and ProQuest, to name a few.

• Format the reference as for Journal Articles and include the Database name and the internet address.

When including the internet address of articles retrieved from searches in full-text databases, please use the Recommended URLs for Full-text Databases, which are the URLs for the main entrance to the service and are easier to reproduce.

From the internet

  Unlike journal articles from full text databases, these are often freely available on the internet.

  Some publishers offer recent issues for free and earlier issues for a subscription fee.

•  Include the complete internet address and date accessed.


Standard format for citation

From a full text database:

#. Author, A. A.; Author, B. B. Title of Article. Abbreviated Title of Journal [Online] Year, Volume (Issue if appropriate), Pages. Database. Internet address (accessed Month Day, Year).


From the internet:

#. Author, A. A.; Author, B. B. Title of Article. Abbreviated Title of Journal [Online] Year, Volume (Issue if appropriate), Pages. Internet address (accessed Month Day, Year).


Journal article from a full text database 

1. Bogdanchikova, N.; Simakov, A.; Smolentseva, E.; Pestryakov, A.; Farias, M. H.; Diaz, J. A.; Tompos, A.; Avalos, M. Stabilization of Catalytically Active Gold Species in Fe-modified Zeolites. Appl. Surf. Sci. [Online] 2008, 254 (13), 4075-4083. ScienceDirect. (accessed Apr 24, 2008).

2. Calafat, A. M.; Needham, L. L. Factors Affecting the Evaluation of Biomonitoring Data for Human Exposure Assessment. Int. J. Androl. [Online] 2008, 31 (2), 139-143. Blackwell Synergy. (accessed Apr 24, 2008).

3. Pratt, K. A.; Heymsfield, A. J.; Twohy, C. H.; Murphy, S. M, et al. In Situ Chemical Characterization of Aged Biomass-Burning Aerosols Impacting Cold Wave Clouds. J. Atmos. Sci. [Online] 2010, 67 (8):2451+. Proquest. (accessed Sept 24, 2010).

Journal article from the internet

4. Zahardis, J., Petrucci, G. A. The Oleic Acid-ozone Heterogeneous Reaction System: Products, Kinetics, Secondary Chemistry, and Atmospheric Implications of a Model System – A Review. Atmos. Chem. Phys. [Online] 2007, 7 (5), 1237-1274. (accessed Apr 24, 2008).

5. Marucho, M.; Kelley, C. T.; Montgomery Pettitt, B. Solutions of the Optimized Closure Integral Equation Theory: Heteronuclear Polyatomic Fluids. J. Chem. Theory Comput. [Online] 2008, 4 (3), 385-396. (accessed Apr 24, 2008).

See the All Examples page for examples of in-text and reference list entries for specific resources such as articles, books and web pages.