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ACS - Referencing Guide

Journal Articles


  Only the author's initials are given, regardless of the presentation of the author's name on the journal article.

  Include the names of all authors given, unless the source document lists only primary authors followed by et al.

  All titles are given maximal capitalisation.

  The titles of journals should be abbreviated as they appear in the CAplus Core Journal Coverage List.
If a title does not appear in this listing, check the Chemical Abstracts Service source index (CASSI) and quarterly supplements which are shelved in the Reference Collection at South Wing Level 4 R  540 C517 5. Further information regarding journal title abbreviations can be found in the ACS Style Guide, 3rd ed., pp. 291, 294-295.

  The year of publication is given in bold.

  Volume and page numbers are given but not bolded or labeled.

  Volume numbers are italicised.

  For journals in which each issue begins with page 1, include issue information.

  To indicate a page range use 123-129, 126-134 or 111-222. If you refer to only one page, use only 111.

•  Include the name of the full text database used to source the article (e.g. IEEE Xplore, ScienceDirect, ProQuest).

•  Include the DOI of the article.

•  If no DOI is available, include the internet address.

When including the internet address of articles retrieved from searches in full-text databases, use the Recommended URLs for Full-text Databases, which are the URLs for the main entrance to the service and are easier to reproduce.

 Include the complete Internet address and date accessed for articles sourced from the Internet.



Standard format for citation

From a full text database:

#. Author, A. A.; Author, B. B. Title of Article. Abbreviated Title of Journal Year, Volume (Issue if appropriate), Pages. DOI/URL: (accessed Year-Month-Day from Database).


From the Internet:

#. Author, A. A.; Author, B. B. Title of Article. Abbreviated Title of Journal Year, Volume (Issue if appropriate), Pages. DOI/URL: (accessed Year-Month-Day).


Print journal:

#. Author of article, A. A.; Author of article, B. B.; Author of article, C.C. Title of Article. Abbreviated Title of Journal  Year, Volume  (issue), page number(s).


Journal article from a full text database 

1. Bogdanchikova, N.; Simakov, A.; Smolentseva, E.; Pestryakov, A.; Farias, M. H.; Diaz, J. A.; Tompos, A.; Avalos, M. Stabilization of Catalytically Active Gold Species in Fe-modified Zeolites. Appl. Surf. Sci. 2008, 254 (13), 4075-4083. (accessed 2008-04-24 from ScienceDirect).

2. Calafat, A. M.; Needham, L. L. Factors Affecting the Evaluation of Biomonitoring Data for Human Exposure Assessment. Int. J. Androl. 2008, 31 (2), 139-143. (accessed 2008-04-24 from Blackwell Synergy).

3. Pratt, K. A.; Heymsfield, A. J.; Twohy, C. H.; Murphy, S. M, et al. In Situ Chemical Characterization of Aged Biomass-Burning Aerosols Impacting Cold Wave Clouds. J. Atmos. Sci. 2010, 67 (8):2451+. (accessed 2010-09-24 from ProQuest).

Journal article from the Internet

4. Zahardis, J., Petrucci, G. A. The Oleic Acid-ozone Heterogeneous Reaction System: Products, Kinetics, Secondary Chemistry, and Atmospheric Implications of a Model System – A Review. Atmos. Chem. Phys2007, 7 (5), 1237-1274. (accessed 2008-04-24).

5. Marucho, M.; Kelley, C. T.; Montgomery Pettitt, B. Solutions of the Optimized Closure Integral Equation Theory: Heteronuclear Polyatomic Fluids. J. Chem. Theory Comput2008, 4 (3), 385-396. (accessed 2008-04-24).

Journal article from print journal

6. Klinger, J. Influence of Pretreatment on Sodium Powder. Chem. Mater. 2005, 17, 2755-2768.

7. Caruso, R. A.; Susha, A.; Caruso, F. Multilayered Titania, Silica, and Laponite Nanoparticle Coatings on Polystyrene Collodial Templates and Resulting Inorganic Hollow Spheres. Chem. Mater. 2001, 13, 400-409.

8. Berthod, A.; Ruiz-Angel, M. J.; Carda-Broch, S. Ionic Liquids in Separation Techniques. J. Chromatogr., A 2008, 1184 (1-2), 6-18.

Journal article from print journal: No author

9. Calculating Immunity. Sci. Am. 1999, 281 (3), 19.

Journal article from print journal: Organization as author

10. IARC Working Group. Phenoxy Acid Herbicides and Contaminants: Description of the IARC International Register of Workers. Am. J. Ind. Med. 1990, 18 (2), 39-45.

11. IFCC Working Group on Enzymes, Scientific Division. International Federation of Clinical Chemistry: IFCC Methods for Measurement of Catalytic Concentration of Enzymes. Clin. Chim. Acta 1999, 281 (1-2), S5-S39.

Journal article from print journal: Volume with supplement

12. Atkinson, R. Gas-phase Tropospheric Chemistry of Organic Compounds: A Review. Atmos. Environ. 2007, 41 (Suppl. 1), 200-240.

Journal article from print journal: Issue with supplement

13. Philip, J. R. The Theory of Infiltration: 1. The Infiltration Equation and Its Solution. Soil Sci. 2006, 171 (6, Suppl. 1), S34–S46.

See the All Examples page for examples of in-text and reference list entries for specific resources such as articles, books and web pages.