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ACS - Referencing Guide

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Complete List of Examples

To see more information about the formats below, either click on the format headings in this list of examples or hover your cursor over the Reference List Entries menu and select the format you want.

Material Type In Text Citation Reference List Entry

Assignment from Another Unit


1. Reid, S. F. Murdoch University, Murdoch, Western Australia. Unpublished work, 2016.

A-V Materials
Material Type In Text Citation Reference List Entry

DVD, CD, VCR, or microformat articles


2. Solovieva, A. B.; Timashev, S. F. Catalyst Systems Based on Immobilised Porphyrins and Metalloporphyrins. Russ. Chem. Rev. 200372 (11), 965−984; CD-ROM; Usp. Khim. 200372 (11), 1081−1102.

Streamed audio

3 3. Nip. L. How Can We Engineer the Human Body to Survive on Mars ... And Beyond? TED Radio Hour. National Public Radio, December 21, 2018. (accessed 2019-02-28).

Streamed audio with interview

4 4. Flatow, I. The Fluids That Flow Through Our Lives. Science Friday, February 15, 2019. (accessed 2019-02-28). (Interview with Mark Miodownik.)

YouTube/Vimeo Video (author is creator)

5 5. Lipomi, D. Ep9 Cationic and Anionic Polymerization. UC San Diego - NANO 134. YouTube, April 24, 2017. (accessed 2019-02-27).

YouTube/Vimeo Video (author is organisation)

6 6. American Chemical Society. Game of Thrones Science: Sword Making and Valyrian Steel. Reactions. YouTube, April 15, 2015. (accessed 2019-02-28).

Video embedded in producer's website

7 7. Game of Thrones Science: Sword Making and Valyrian Steel. Reactions: Chemistry Science Videos and Infographics. American Chemical Society, April 15, 2015. (accessed 2019-09-07).
Podcast accessed via the web 8 8. Thompson, B.; Bundell, S. The Art of Performing Science, and Chiral Chemistry. Nature Podcast. Springer Nature, December 12, 2018. (accessed 2019-02-28).
Podcast accessed via an app 9 9. Pedrick, A.; Drago, E. B. The Mouse That Changed Science: A Tiny Animal with a Big Story. Distillations Podcast. Science History Institute, November 18, 2018. iTunes (accessed 2019-02-27).

Book Chapters
Material Type In Text Citation Reference List Entry
Chapter or Article in Edited E-book 10 10. Oleksyn, B. J.; Stadnicka, K.; Sliwinski, J. Structural Chemistry of Enamimes: A Statistical Approach. In The Chemistry of Enamimes; Rappoport, Z., Ed.; Wiley, 1994; pp 87-218. (accessed 2005-04-24).

Chapter or Article in Edited Book


11. Almlof, J.; Gropen, O. Relativistic Effects in Chemistry. In Reviews in Computational Chemistry; Lipkowitz, K. B., Boyd, D. B., Eds.; Vol. 8; Wiley-VCH, 1996; pp 206-210.
Article in an Online Encyclopaedia 12 12. Cloverly, S. Flow Analysis: Segmented Flow Analysis. In Encyclopedia of Analytical Science, 3rd ed.; Elsevier Academic Press, March 12, 2019; pp 220-226. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-409547-2.00487-X 

Article in an Encyclopaedia


13. Dorfman, J. R. Kinetic Theory: Transport and Fluctuations. In Encyclopedia of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry; Moore, J. H., Spencer, N.D., Eds.; Vol. 1; Institute of Physics: Bristol, U.K., 2001; pp 573-595.

Material Type In Text Citation Reference List Entry
e-Book: Single Author 14 14. Hammond, C. The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction, 4th ed.; International Union of Crystallography Texts on Crystallography, Vol. 21; Oxford University Press, 2015. DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198738671.001.0001

Book: Single Author

15 15. Schmidt, L. D. The Engineering of Chemical Reactions, 2nd ed.; Oxford University Press, 2005.
e-Book: Two to Ten Authors, accessed via an aggregator database 16 16. Mikkelsen, S. R.; Cortón, E. Bioanalytical Chemistry, 2nd ed.; Wiley, 2016. Retrieved from Proquest, (accessed 2019-10-08).

Book: Two to Ten Authors


17. Sutton, R.S.; Rockett, B.; Swindells, P. G. Chemistry for the Life Sciences, 2nd ed.; CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL, 2009.

Book: Organisation as Author

18 18. American Chemical Society, Committee on Analytical Reagents. Reagent Chemicals: Specifications and Procedures, 10th ed.; 2006.

Book: Government Agency as Author

19 19. Commonwealth Department of the Environment and Heritage. Personal Monitoring of Selected Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs): The Contribution of Woodsmoke to Exposure; Technical report no. 8; Canberra, Australia, 2004.

Book: No Author


20. McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Chemistry, 2nd ed.; McGraw-Hill, 2003.

Book: Editor/s

21 21. Mom the Chemistry Professor: Personal Accounts and Advice from Chemistry Professors Who Are Mothers, 2nd ed.; Woznack, K., Charlebois, A., Cole, R. S., Marzabadi, C. H., Webster, G., Eds.; Springer, 2018. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-78972-9

Book: with edition


22. Timberlake, K. C. Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic and Biological Chemistry, 10th ed.; Pearson Prentice Hall: Hoboken, NJ, 2009.

Conference Papers

Material Type In Text Citation Reference List Entry

Conference Paper in Print Book


23. Christensen S.; Oppacher F. An Analysis of Koza's Computational Effort Statistic for Genetic Programming. In Genetic Programming, EuroGP 2002, Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Genetic Programming, Kinsdale, Ireland, April 3-5, 2002; Foster J. A., Lutton E., Miller J., Ryan C., Tettamanzi A.G., Eds.; Springer, 2002; pp 182-191.

Conference Paper in Journal

24 24. Culot, C.; Durant, F.; Mosley, D. H.; Andre, J. M.; Vercauteren, D. P. Conformational Analyses of the Polymorphism of Triglycerides. Int. J. Quantum Chem., Proceedings of the Quantum Biol. Symp. 199452 (S21), 57−77. DOI: 10.1002/qua.560520706

Conference Paper from an online Repository

25 25. McEachran, A. D.; Mansouri, K.; Newton, S. R., Beverly, B. E. J.; Sobus, J. R.; Williams, A. J. A Comparison of Three Chromatographic Retention Time Prediction Models. American Chemical Society National Meeting, Washington, DC, August 20−24, 2017; CINF-28. Figshare, July 6, 2018, ver. 5. DOI: 10.23645/epacomptox.6455852.v1 (accessed 2019-03-11).

Conference Paper from a Website

26 26. Katz, D. A. Nanotechnology Experiments for General Chemistry Laboratory Classes. 25th International Conference on Chemical Education (ICCE 2018), Sydney, Australia, July 10−14, 2018. The Chymist, (accessed 2019-03-11).

Course Materials
Material Type In Text Citation Reference List Entry

Lectures (recordings accessed via LMS)


27. Jones, A. The business of Healthcare Provision: Strategies for Management. MBS529: Strategic Health Leadership and Management (M1296). Moodle, Murdoch University, April 1, 2022. (accessed 2023-04-01). (Lecture recording)

PowerPoint slides (accessed via LMS) 28 28. Brown, A. 5 Strategies for Effective Leadership for Healthcare Provision. Strategic Health Leadership and Management (MBS529). Moodle, Murdoch University, 2023. (accessed 2023-04-01). (PowerPoint presentation)

Data, Datasets.
Material Type In Text Citation Reference List Entry

Dataset published in an online repository


29. Ezraty, B.; Vergnes, A.; Banzhaf, M.; Duverger, Y.; Huguenot, A.; Brochado, A. R.; Su, S.; Espinosa, L.; Loiseau, L.; Py, B.; et al. Data from: Fe-S cluster Biosynthesis Controls Uptake of Aminoglycosides in a ROS-Less Death Pathway. Dryad Digital Repository, July 1, 2013. DOI: 10.5061/dryad.3062c

Data published in an online repository with associated journal article. 30 30. Nielsen, K. F.; Månsson, M.; Rank, C.; Firsvad, J. C.; Larsen, T. O. Dereplication of Microbial Natural Products by LC-DAD-TOFMS. Figshare, February 22, 2016. (accessed 2019-10-07). Data from Nielsen, K. F.; Månsson, M.; Rank, C.; Firsvad, J. C.; Larsen, T. O. Dereplication of Microbial Natural Products by LC-DAD-TOFMS. J. Nat. Prod. 201174 (11), 2338−2348. DOI: 10.1021/np200254t
Entry in an online database 31 31.  4-Bromo-2-fluorotoluene. SDBSWeb. National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, n.d. (accessed 2019-03-17). (CAS RN: 51436-99-8).

Images & Figures

Figure 1. Semiconductor Nanowires, by Lorelle Mansfield/NIST. From ref 1. Public Domain. 1. Mansfield, L. Semiconductor Nanowires (colorized micrograph). U.S. Department of Commerce. National Institute of Standards and Technology, May 30, 2006. (accessed 2019-03-02).

Figure 2. The moderating of MNC (or POE) on the relationship between Confucian work ethics and learning. Reprinted with permission from ref 25. Copyright 2010 Springer Science and Business Media.

25. Yeh, Q-J.; Xu, X. The Effect of Confucian Work Ethics on Learning about Science and Technology Knowledge and Morality. J Bus Ethics 201095 (1), 111−128. DOI: 10.1007/s10551-009-0352-1
Internet Documents
Material Type In Text Citation Reference List Entry

Document published on a website

32 32. Byrne, C. Molecular Scissors Slice DNA to Isolate Genes. Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), 2016. (accessed 2008-04-24).

Government document published online


33. ChemCentre. Water for Domestic, Agricultural and General Use; Government of Western Australia, 2008. (accessed 2010-10-01).


34 34. National Industrial Chemicals Notification and Assessment Scheme (NICNAS). Polyacrylate in DynamX; PLC/932; Department of Health and Aged Care, Australian Government, 2010.  (accessed 2024-05-20).

Webpage on a website


35. Dunham, W. Methane Spotted on Distant Planet. News in Science, ABC online, 2008. (accessed 2008-04-24).

Website 36 36. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) Program. (accessed 2019-02-21).
Entire online database or repository 37 37. The Cambridge Structural Database. Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre, n.d. (accessed 2024-06-17). 
Blog Post 38 38. Falconer, E. How a Simple Formula for Resolving Problems and Conflict Can Change Your Reality. Pick The Brain, June 1, 2015. (accessed 2024-06-18). 

Journal Articles
Material Type In Text Citation Reference List Entry
Journal Article from a Full Text Database 39 39. Calafat, A. M.; Needham, L. L. Factors Affecting the Evaluation of Biomonitoring Data for Human Exposure Assessment. Int. J. Androl. 2008, 31 (2), 139-143. (accessed 2008-04-24 from Blackwell Synergy.)
Journal Article from the Internet 40 40. Zahardis, J., Petrucci, G. A. The Oleic Acid-ozone Heterogeneous Reaction System: Products, Kinetics, Secondary Chemistry, and Atmospheric Implications of a Model System – A Review. Atmos. Chem. Phys2007, 7 (5), 1237-1274. DOI: 10.5194/acp-7-1237-2007

Journal Article in Print

41 41. Klinger, J. Influence of Pretreatment on Sodium Powder. Chem. Mater. 2005, 17 (7), 2755-2768.

Journal Article in Print: Multiple Authors


42. Caruso, R. A.; Susha, A.; Caruso, F. Multilayered Titania, Silica, and Laponite Nanoparticle Coatings on Polystyrene Collodial Templates and Resulting Inorganic Hollow Spheres. Chem. Mater. 2001, 13 (5), 400-409.

Newspaper Articles
Material Type In Text Citation Reference List Entry

Newspaper Article in Print


43. Garnaut, K. J. Why Potash Strikes Fear in China's Heart. The Sydney Morning Herald (Sydney, NSW), September 21, 2010, 6.

Newspaper Article from the Internet


44. Rose, D. Household Chemical Perfluorooctanoic Acid Linked to Thyroid Disease. The Times (London, UK), January 21, 2010, updated January 21, 2010. (accessed 2010-09-23).

Newspaper Article from a Full Text Database


45. Dayton, L. US Bans Health Risk Pesticide. The Australian (Canberra, ACT), June 26, 2010, 12 (accessed 2010-09-23 from Factiva: Factiva Global).

Patents and Standards
Material Type In Text Citation Reference List Entry



46. Baltimore, D.; Qin, X.-F.; Lois-Caballe, C. JP 4344858 B2, 2019.



47. National Information Standards Organization. Bibliographic References; ANSI/NISO Z39.29-2005 (R2010); Baltimore, MD, 2005. (accessed 2019-03-08).

Safety Data Sheets, Software and Program Code
Material Type In Text Citation Reference List Entry

Safety Data Sheet


48. o-Xylene; CAS RN: 95-47-6; 95660; ver 6.7; Sigma-Aldrich: Bayswater, Vic, Australia, 2024-03-22. (accessed 2024-05-28).
Safety Data Sheet 49 49. 1,4'-Bipiperidine; CAS number 4897-50-1; B22028; version 2; ThermoFisher Scientific Australia: Victoria, Australia, 2022-11-18. (accessed 2024-05-27).
Software 50 50. Grossfield, A. WHAM: The Weighted Histogram Analysis Method, ver. 2.0.11. (accessed 2024-06-04).
Program Code 51 51. Digital Science. Dimensions API Lab. (accessed 2019-09-06).
AI Software 52 52. Microsoft. Microsoft Copilot for Microsoft 365, 2023. (accessed 2024-06-10).

Social Media
Material Type In Text Citation Reference List Entry

X Post


53. jenheemstra. We are researchers and we are mentors, and it matters which we put first. Join us in pledging to be a #MentorFirst and encourage others to do the same. Together, we can improve mentoring in academia to benefit the next generation of researchers! X, April 20, 2022. (accessed 2024-06-11).

Technical Reports
Material Type In Text Citation Reference List Entry
  54 54. Griffin, E. A.; Verboom, W. H.; Allen, D. G. Paired Site Sampling for Soil Carbon Estimation: Western Australia; National Carbon Accounting System Technical Report No. 38; Australian Government, Australian Greenhouse Office: Canberra, Australia, 2003, pp 125-136. (accessed 2023-04-04).

Material Type In Text Citation Reference List Entry

Thesis in print

55 55. Shiers, D. Chemolithotrophic Batch Cultures and Solution Parameters. Chemistry, Honours Thesis, Murdoch University, Murdoch, Australia, 2004.

Thesis online


56. Nikoloski, A. N. The Electrochemistry of the Leaching of Pre-reduced Nickel Laterites in Ammonia-ammonium Carbonate Solution. PhD Thesis, Murdoch University, Murdoch, Australia, 2002. (accessed 2010-09-21).