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ACS - Referencing Guide

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Complete List of Examples

To see more information about the formats below, either click on the format headings in this list of examples or hover your cursor over the Reference List Entries menu and select the format you want.

Material Type In Text Citation Reference List Entry

Assignment from Another Unit


1. Reid, S. F. The Importance of Scientific Method. Unpublished Manuscript, BSC100: Building Blocks for Science Students, Murdoch University, 2016.

A-V Materials
Material Type In Text Citation Reference List Entry



2. Davis, J. producer, scriptwriter. Chemistry of Carbon [DVD]. Classroom Video, 2005.

Radio Programme

3 3. White, S. director. Peak Phosphorus Concerns Prompt Research [Radio Broadcast]. Innovations, Sept 20, 2010. ABC Radio.

Sound Recording

4 4. Bryant, S. writer. The Story of the Internet [Sound Recording]. Pearson Education, 2008.

Television Programme

5 5. Lazaredes, N. reporter. Frankenstein`s Farm [Television Broadcast]. Dateline, July 25, 2001. Special Broadcasting Service (SBS).

Video Recording

6 6. Lines, J. director; Dechian, S. writer; De Robbio, M. producer.  Chemical Equations in the Real World [Videorecording]. Video Education Australasia, 2009.

YouTube/Vimeo Video

7 7. NRK.  Medieval Helpdesk with English Subtitles [Video File].YouTube, February 26, 2007. (accessed 2014-01-28).

Book Chapters
Material Type In Text Citation Reference List Entry
Chapter or Article in Edited E-book 8 8. Oleksyn, B. J.; Stadnicka, K.; Sliwinski, J. Structural Chemistry of Enamimes: A Statistical Approach. In The Chemistry of Enamimes; Rappoport, Z., Ed.; Wiley, 1994; pp 87-218. (accessed 2005-04-24).

Chapter or Article in Edited Book


9. Almlof, J.; Gropen, O. Relativistic Effects in Chemistry. In Reviews in Computational Chemistry; Lipkowitz, K. B., Boyd, D. B., Eds.; VCH, 1996; Vol. 8, pp 206-210.
Article in an Electronic Encyclopaedia 10 10. Cloverly, S. Segmented Flow Analysis. Encyclopedia of Analytical Science; Elsevier Academic Press, Posted May 25, 2005. (accessed 2008-04-24).

Article in an Encyclopaedia


11. Dorfman, J. R. Kinetic Teory: Transport and Fluctuations. In Encyclopedia of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry; edited by John H. Moore, J. H., Spencer, N. D., Eds.; Institute of Physics, 2001; Vol. 1, pp 573-595.

Material Type In Text Citation Reference List Entry
e-Book: Single Author 12 12. Hammond, C. The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction, 4th ed.; International Union of Crystallography Texts on Crystallography, Vol. 21; Oxford University Press, 2015. DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198738671.001.0001

Book: Single Author

13 13. Schmidt, L. D. The Engineering of Chemical Reactions, 2nd ed.; Oxford University Press, 2005; pp 71-88.
e-Book: Two or More Authors 14 14. Mikkelsen, S. R.; Cortón, E. Bioanalytical Chemistry  Wiley: Hoboken, NJ, 2004. (accessed 2008-04-28).

Book: Two or More Authors


15. Sutton, R.S.; Rockett, B.; Swindells, P. G. Chemistry for the Life Sciences, 2nd ed.; CRC, 2009.

Book: Organisation as Author

16 16. American Chemical Society, Committee on Analytical Reagents. Reagent Chemicals: Specifications and Procedures, 10th ed.; 2006.

Book: Government Agency as Author

17 17. Australia. Commonwealth Department of the Environment and Heritage. Personal Monitoring of Selected Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs): The Contribution of Woodsmoke to Exposure; Technical report no. 8; 2004; pp 6-12.

Book: No Author


18. McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Chemistry, 2nd ed.; McGraw-Hill, 2003; p 26.

Book: Editor

19 19. Stocker, J. H., Ed. Chemistry and Science Fiction; American Chemical Society, 1998.

Book: Different Editions


20. Timberlake, K. C. Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic and Biological Chemistry, 10th ed.; Pearson Prentice Hall, 2009.

Scientific/Technical Report


21. Griffin, E. A.; Verboom, W. H.; Allen, D. G. Paired Site Sampling for Soil Carbon Estimation: Western Australia, National Carbon Accounting System technical report No. 38; Australian Greenhouse Office, 2003; pp 125-136.

Clinical Trials
Material Type In Text Citation Reference List Entry

Clinical Trial


22. Efficacy, Safety and Immunogenicity of Takeda's Tetravalent Dengue Vaccine (TDV) in Healthy Children (TIDES). Identifier NCT02747927. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2016-. (accessed 2022-09-21). 

Conference Papers
Material Type In Text Citation Reference List Entry

Conference Paper in Print


23. Ierapetritou, M. G.; Androulakis, I. P.; Monas, D. S.; Floudas, C. A. Structure Prediction of Binding Sites of MHC Class II Molecules Based on the Crystal HLA-DRB1 and Global Optimization. In Optimization in Computational Chemistry and Molecular Biology: Local and Global Approaches: Proceedings, 1999, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, May 7-9, 1999; Floudas, C. A., Pardalos, P. M., Eds.; Kluwer: Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2000; pp 157-190.

Conference Paper from the Internet

24 24. Chang, H.; Wilson, C.; Jackson, J. Eliminating polymer flake defects using an oxygen free chemistry. In 1997 IEEE International Symposium on Semiconductor Manufacturing, San Francisco, CA, Oct 6-8, 1997; IEEE, 1997; pp 91-93. IEEE Xplore. (accessed 2010-09-24).

Unpublished Conference Paper

25 25. Zientek, K. D.; Eyler, J. R. Presented at the 51st ASMS Conference on Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics, Montreal, Canada, June 8-12, 2003.

Conference Proceedings

26 26. El Nadi, L., Ed. Modern Trends in Physics Research: First International Conference on Modern Trends in Physics Research, MTPR-04, Cairo, Egypt, 4-9 April 2004; AIP conference proceedings 0748; American Institute of Physics: Melville, NY, 2005.

Course Materials
Material Type In Text Citation Reference List Entry

Lectures (recordings accessed via LMS)


27. Jones, A. lecturer. The business of healthcare provision: Strategies for management [Lecture recording]. MBS529: Strategic Health Leadership and Management (M1296), April 1, 2023. Murdoch University. (accessed 2023-04-01).

PowerPoint slides (accessed via LMS) 28 28. Brown, A. 5 strategies for effective leadership for healthcare provision [PowerPoint slides]. Strategic Health Leadership and Management (MBS529), Murdoch University, 2023. (accessed 2023-04-01).

Material Type In Text Citation Reference List Entry



29. Funes-Ardoiz, I. TS19t-20tOH, 2018. ChEMBL. (accessed 2019-06-04).

Dataset Repository 30 30. Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre. The Cambridge Structural Database (CSD), 2018. Cambridge, U.K.: CCDC. (accessed 2019-07-03).
Dataset Deposit Record 31 31. Thomas, S. C.; Martin, A. R. Data from: Carbon Content of Tree Tissues: A Synthesis, 2012. Dryad Digital Repository. (accessed 2019-07-04). Referenced in
Dataset Description Article 32 32. Miyahara, N.; Miwa, S.; Horiguchi, N.; Sato, I.; Masahiko, O. Chemical Reaction Kinetics Dataset of Cs-I-B-Mo-O-H System for Evaluation of Fission Product Chemistry Under LWR Severe Accident Conditions. J. Nucl. Sci. Technol. 2019, 56 (2), 228-240. Taylor & Francis Journals. (accessed 201907-11).

Internet Documents
Material Type In Text Citation Reference List Entry

Electronic Document

33 33. Byrne, C. Molecular Scissors Slice DNA to Isolate Genes, 2006. Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO). (accessed 2008-04-24).

Government Publication

34 34. Western Australia. Chemistry Centre. Water for Domestic, Agricultural and General Use, 2008. (accessed 2010-10-01).


35 35. Industrial Chemicals Act 2019 (Cth). (accessed 2019-04-11).

Internet Site

36 36. Dunham, W. Methane Spotted on Distant Planet, 2008. News in Science, ABC online. (accessed 2008-04-24).

Journal Articles
Material Type In Text Citation Reference List Entry
Journal Article from a Full Text Database 37 37. Bogdanchikova, N.; Simakov, A.; Smolentseva, E.; Pestryakov, A.; Farias, M. H.; Diaz, J. A.; Tompos, A.; Avalos, M. Stabilization of Catalytically Active Gold Species in Fe-modified Zeolites. Appl. Surf. Sci. 2008, 254 (13), 4075-4083. ScienceDirect. (accessed 2008-04-24).
Journal Article from the Internet 38 38. Zahardis, J., Petrucci, G. A. The Oleic Acid-ozone Heterogeneous Reaction System: Products, Kinetics, Secondary Chemistry, and Atmospheric Implications of a Model System – A Review. Atmos. Chem. Phys2007, 7 (5), 1237-1274. (accessed 2008-04-24).

Journal Article in Print

39 39. Klinger, J. Influence of Pretreatment on Sodium Powder. Chem. Mater. 2005, 17, 2755-2768.

Journal Article in Print: Multiple Authors


40. Caruso, R. A.; Susha, A.; Caruso, F. Multilayered Titania, Silica, and Laponite Nanoparticle Coatings on Polystyrene Collodial Templates and Resulting Inorganic Hollow Spheres. Chem. Mater. 2001, 13, 400-409.

Newspaper Articles
Material Type In Text Citation Reference List Entry

Newspaper Article in Print


41. Garnaut, K. J. Why Potash Strikes Fear in China's Heart. The Sydney Morning Herald, Sept 21, 2010, p 6.

Newspaper Article from the Internet


42. Rose, D. Household Chemical Perfluorooctanoic Acid Linked to Thyroid Disease. The Times, Jan 21, 2010. (accessed 2010-09-23).

Newspaper Article from a Full Text Database


43. Dayton, L. US Bans Health Risk Pesticide. The Australian, June 26, 2010, p 12. Factiva. (accessed 2010-09-23).

Material Type In Text Citation Reference List Entry



44. Robertson, R.  Leadership at the Bottom of the Earth…Where No One Hears You Scream. 2010 Sir Walter Murdoch Lecture. [Podcast]. Murdoch University: Murdoch, WA, 2010. (accessed 2010-08-05).

Podcast Lecture from LMS


45. Hill, D.  Australian Media Representation of Asia. [Podcast Lecture]. In Australia in Asia (FDN110), April 4, 2012. Murdoch, WA: Murdoch University. (accessed 2012-06-05).

Podcast Radio Programme


46. Wanless, E. Surface Chemistry [Podcast]. The Science Show, April 5, 2008. ABC Radio National. (accessed 2008-04-24).

Podcast Television Programme

47 47. Philips, G.; Doherty, P. Meet Nobel Laureate Peter Doherty [Podcast]. Catalyst, April 17, 2008. ABC Television. (accessed 2008-04-24).

Readers/Study Guides
Material Type In Text Citation Reference List Entry



48. Campbell, C. J.; Laherrere, J. H. The End of Cheap Oil. Sci. Am. 1998, 278 (3), 78-83. In Introduction to Energy Studies (PEC190) Unit Reader. Murdoch University: Murdoch,WA, 2006; pp 129-134.

Material Type In Text Citation Reference List Entry

Unpublished Thesis

49 49. Shiers, D. Chemolithotrophic Batch Cultures and Solution Parameters. Chemistry, Honours Thesis, Murdoch University: Murdoch, WA, 2004.

Published Thesis


48. Macquart, R. B. Structural Studies of Ferroelectric Oxides: A Gentle Introduction to the Synthesis and Structural Characterisation of Ferroelectric Materials; VDM Verlag Dr. Müller: Saarbrücken, Germany, 2008.

Thesis from a Full Text Database


49. Nikoloski, A. N. The Electrochemistry of the Leaching of Pre-reduced Nickel Laterites in Ammonia-ammonium Carbonate Solution. PhD Thesis, Murdoch University, 2002. Australasian Digital Theses Program. (accessed 2010-09-21).