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ACS - Referencing Guide

A-V Materials


  • This page includes information for videos and streamed media, including podcasts.
  • There is no single, standard way to cite these sources; use your best judgment to provide clear and descriptive references.
  • Citations can vary depending on how the content was accessed, such as on a platform like YouTube or on the author's own website.
  • If the streaming content involves an interview, include that in the title if specifically stated. Otherwise, add it to the end of the citation after the access date.
  • When the title of a series and the site are the same, the site's title does not have to be repeated.
  • If the streaming media content in question is a podcast episode, that should be noted as part of the program title for clarity. As with other media, citation elements may vary depending on how the podcast was accessed, whether through the web or mobile.


Standard format for citation -Streamed Audio or Video

Author 1; Author 2; …; Author 10; et al. Title of Audio or Video. Title of Program or Series. Title of Site or Organization, date. URL (accessed YYYY-MM-DD).


Standard format for citation - Podcast

Author 1; Author 2; …; Author 10; et al. Title of Episode. Title of Podcast. Title of Site or Organization, date. App name (accessed YYYY-MM-DD) or URL (accessed YYYY-MM-DD).





YouTube/Vimeo video

1. Lipomi, D. Ep9 Cationic and Anionic Polymerization. UC San Diego - NANO 134. YouTube, April 24, 2017. (accessed 2019-02-27).

2. American Chemical Society. Game of Thrones Science: Sword Making and Valyrian Steel. Reactions. YouTube, April 15, 2015. (accessed 2019-02-28).

Video embedded on producer's website

3. Game of Thrones Science: Sword Making and Valyrian Steel. Reactions: Chemistry Science Videos and Infographics. American Chemical Society, April 15, 2015. (accessed 2019-02-28).

Streaming Audio with Interview

5. Flatow, I. The Fluids That Flow Through Our Lives. Science Friday, February 15, 2019. (accessed 2019-02-28). (Interview with Mark Miodownik.)

Streaming Audio

6. Nip. L. How Can We Engineer the Human Body to Survive on Mars ... And Beyond? TED Radio Hour. National Public Radio, December 21, 2018. (accessed 2019-02-28).

Podcast accessed via the web

7. Thompson, B.; Bundell, S. The Art of Performing Science, and Chiral Chemistry. Nature Podcast. Springer Nature, December 12, 2018. (accessed 2019-02-28).

Podcast accessed via an app

8. Pedrick, A.; Drago, E. B. The Mouse That Changed Science: A Tiny Animal with a Big Story. Distillations Podcast. Science History Institute, November 18, 2018. iTunes (accessed 2019-02-27).

See the All Examples page for examples of in-text and reference list entries for specific resources such as articles, a-v material, books and web pages.