Skip to Main Content

ACS - Referencing Guide

Sample Reference List

Formatting Your Reference List

The reference list should appear at the end of your paper. Begin the list on a new page.

The title References should be either left justified or centered on the page.

The entries should appear as one numerical sequence in the order that the material is cited in the text of your assignment.

The hanging indent for each reference makes the numerical sequence more obvious.

An Example




 1. Hoppert, M. Microscopic Techniques in Biotechnology; Wiley-VCH: Weinheim, 2003; pp 145-158.
 2. Klinger, J. Influence of Pretreatment on Sodium Powder. Chem. Mater. 2005, 17, 2755-2768.
 3. Ford H. L.; Sclafani R. A.; Degregori J. Cell Cycle Regulatory Cascades. In Cell Cycle and Growth Control: Biomolecular Regulation and Cancer, 2nd ed.; Stein G. S., Pardee A. B., Eds.; Wiley-Liss: Hoboken, NJ, 2004; pp 42-67.
 4. Stocker, J. H., Ed. Chemistry and Science Fiction; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 1998.
 5. Wanless, E. Surface Chemistry. The Science Show, April 5, 2008. ABC Radio National. (accessed Apr 24, 2008).
 6. Berthod, A.; Ruiz-Angel, M.J.; Carda-Broch, S. Ionic Liquids in Separation Techniques. J. Chromatogr., A 2008, 1184 (1-2), 6-18.
 7. Zahardis, J., Petrucci, G. A. The Oleic Acid-ozone Heterogeneous Reaction System: Products, Kinetics, Secondary Chemistry, and Atmospheric Implications of a Model System – A Review. Atmos. Chem. Phys. [Online] 2007, 7 (5), 1237-1274. (accessed Apr 24, 2008).
 8. Caruso, R. A.; Susha, A.; Caruso, F. Multilayered Titania, Silica, and Laponite Nanoparticle Coatings on Polystyrene Collodial Templates and Resulting Inorganic Hollow Spheres. Chem. Mater. 2001, 13, 400-409.
 9. Graham Solomons, T. W.; Fryhle, C. B. Organic Chemistry, 9th ed.; John Wiley: Hoboken, NJ, 2008; pp 827-832.
 10. Almlof, J.; Gropen, O. Relativistic Effects in Chemistry. In Reviews in Computational Chemistry; Lipkowitz, K. B., Boyd, D. B., Eds.; VCH: New York, 1996; Vol. 8, pp 206-210.
 11. American Chemical Society, Committee on Analytical Reageants. Reagent Chemicals: Specifications and Procedures, 10th ed.; Washington, DC, 2006.
 12. Standards Australia. Safety in Laboratories: Microbiological Aspects and Containment Facilities; AS/NZS 2243.3:2002; January 9, 2002.
 13. Bogdanchikova, N.; Simakov, A.; Smolentseva, E.; Pestryakov, A.; Farias, M. H.; Diaz, J. A.; Tompos, A.; Avalos, M. Stabilization of Catalytically Active Gold Species in Fe-modified Zeolites. Appl. Surf. Sci. [Online] 2008, 254 (13), 4075-4083. ScienceDirect. (accessed Apr 24, 2008).
 14. Carey, F. A.; Sundberg, R. J. Advanced Organic Chemistry, 5th ed.; Springer: New York, 2007; Vol. 2, pp 12-15.
 15. Saul, B.J. Chemistry Department, Yale University, New Haven, CT. Personal communication, July 2002.
 16. IFCC Working Group on Enzymes, Scientific Division. International Federation of Clinical Chemistry: IFCC Methods for Measurement of Catalytic Concentration of Enzymes. Clin. Chim. Acta 1999, 281 (1-2), S5-S39.
 17. McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Chemistry, 2nd ed.; McGraw-Hill: New York, 2003; p 26.
 18. Nicolaou, K. C.; Montagnon, T. The Art and Science of Making Molecules. Straits Times [Online], March 8, 2008. Factiva. (accessed Apr 24, 2008).
 19. Marucho, M.; Kelley, C. T.; Montgomery Pettitt, B. Solutions of the Optimized Closure Integral Equation Theory: Heteronuclear Polyatomic Fluids. J. Chem. Theory Comput. [Online] 2008, 4 (3), 385-396. (accessed Apr 24, 2008).
 20. Calculating Immunity. Sci. Am. 1999, 281 (3), 19.
 21. Atkinson, R. Gas-phase Tropospheric Chemistry of Organic Compounds: A Review. Atmos. Environ. 2007, 41 (Suppl. 1), 200-240.
 22. Lewis C. Under pressure? Blow Off Steam. The Age, Apr 7, 2008, p 12.
 23. O'Connor, N.; Lewin, K.; Moore, S.; et al. Sediment Chemistry: Macroinvertebrate Fauna Relationships in Urban Streams; LWRRDC occasional paper 15/99; Land and Water Resources Research and Development Corporation: Canberra, 1999.
 24. Byrne, C. Molecular Scissors Slice DNA to Isolate Genes, 2006. Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO). (accessed Apr 24, 2008).
 25. Davis, J. producer, scriptwriter. Chemistry of Carbon [DVD]. Classroom Video: Warriewood, N.S.W., 2005.
 26. Matlack, A. S. Introduction to Green Chemistry [Online]; Dekker: New York, 2001. (accessed Apr 24, 2008).
 27. Christensen S.; Oppacher F. An Analysis of Koza's Computational Effort Statistic for Genetic Programming. In Genetic Programming, EuroGP 2002: Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Genetic Programming; 2002 Apr 3-5; Kinsdale, Ireland; Foster J. A., Lutton E., Miller J., Ryan C., Tettamanzi A.G., Eds. Springer: Berlin, 2002; pp 182-191.
 28. Dunham, W. Methane Spotted on Distant Planet, 2008. News in Science, ABC online. (accessed Apr 24, 2008).
 29. Mikkelsen, S. R.; Cortón, E. Bioanalytical Chemistry [Online]; Wiley: Hoboken, NJ, 2004. (accessed Apr 24, 2008).
 30. El Nadi, L., Ed. Modern Trends in Physics Research: First International Conference on Modern Trends in Physics Research, MTPR-04, Cairo, Egypt, 4-9 April 2004; AIP conference proceedings 0748; American Institute of Physics: Melville, N.Y., 2005.
 31. Griffin, E. A.; Verboom, W. H.; Allen, D. G. Paired Site Sampling for Soil Carbon Estimation: Western Australia, National Carbon Accounting System technical report No. 38; Australian Greenhouse Office: Canberra, 2003; pp 125-136
 32. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Environment Protection Mining and Manufacturing Industries, Australia, 2000–2001; ABS publication 4603.0; Canberra, 2002.
 33. Lee, H. C.; Pagliaro, E. M. Serology: Blood Identification. Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences [Online]; Academic Press, Posted June 9, 2004. (accessed Apr 24, 2008).
 34. Australia. Commonwealth Department of the Environment and Heritage. Personal Monitoring of Selected Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs): The Contribution of Woodsmoke to Exposure; Technical report no. 8; Canberra, A.C.T., 2004; pp 6-12.
 35. Cloverly, S. Segmented Flow Analysis. Encyclopedia of Analytical Science [Online]; Elsevier Academic Press, Posted May 25, 2005. (accessed Apr 24, 2008).

 36. Shiers, D. Chemolithotrophic Batch Cultures and Solution Parameters. Chemistry, Honours Thesis, Murdoch University: Murdoch, 2004.