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ACS - Referencing Guide


Standard ACS Abbreviations

Standard abbreviations may be used in your citations.

A list of appropriate abbreviations can be found in the ACS Style Guide, 3rd ed., pp. 158-159.

Some of the more often used abbreviations can be found below:



ed. or eds.
Editor(s) Ed. or Eds.

et alii, et aliae (and others) - from Latin

et al.
Number (series) no.
Page(s) (book) p (pp)
Paragraph para
Reference(s) ref or refs
Version ver.
Volume Vol. or Vols.

Journal Abbreviations

Use CASSI (Chemical Abstracts Service Source Index) for standard abbreviations of journal names.

If the journal you are referencing is not included in CAplus, also check:

One word journal names are not abbreviated.

Use the complete journal name if it is not included in the above indexes.


Place Names

For locations in the US or Canada - give the city and state for US cities or the city and province for Canadian cities. Use the two-letter postal abbreviations for US states or Canadian provinces and territories. The state or province is not needed if the city is considered a major city in the world and would not be confused easily with other cities of the same name (e.g., New York, Boston, Toronto).

For all other locations - provide the current city and country name in English. The country is not necessary for major cities (e.g., London, Paris, Rome). Spell out names of countries unless they have standard abbreviations, such as U.K. for United Kingdom.

Some examples:

Channel View Publications: Clevedon, U.K.

John Wiley & Sons: Hoboken, NJ

Taylor & Francis: London

Sage: Newbury Park, CA

Pearson Education Australia: Frenchs Forest, Australia

Unisa: Pretoria, South Africa