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Footnote - Referencing Guide

Sample Bibliography

Formatting Your Bibliography

The bibliography should appear at the end of your paper. Begin the list on a new page.

The title Bibliography should be either left justified or centered on the page.

The hanging indent for each reference makes the alphabetical sequence more obvious.

The entries should appear in a single alphabetical sequence, arranged by the author's surname, or title if no author is given.

An Example



Australia. Department of Aboriginal Affairs. Programs in Action for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People: Achievements. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service for Department of Aboriginal Affairs, 1989.
Australian Copyright Council. Copyright for Book Publishers: A Practical Guide. Redfern, NSW: ACC, 1997.
Balakian, Anna, and James J. Wilhelm, eds. Proceedings of the Xth Congress of the International Comparative Literature Association, New York, NY, 1982. New York: Garland, 1985. 
Beller, Benjamin J. "Fire History of the Peron Peninsula, Shark Bay, Western Australia Based on Remote Sensing Dendrochronology, and Anecdotal Evidence." M.S. thesis, University of Nebraska at Omaha, 2014. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global (1564281). 
Boyle, Jimmy. The Pain of Confinement: Prison Diaries. Edinburgh: Canongate, 1984.
Buchanan, Jason. "Nation States: The Cultures of Irish Nationalism." Modern Fiction Studies 55, no. 4 (Winter 2009): 857+. ProQuest.
Buchanan, Rachel. "Truth and Valour: Anzac Day, the Myth." Sydney Morning Herald, April 24, 1999.
Chaucer, Geoffrey. The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer. Edited by F. N. Robinson. 2nd ed. London: Oxford UP, 1957.
Connor, Linda. "Climate Change and the Challenge of Immortality: Faith, Denial and Imitations of Eternity." In Anthropology and the End of Worlds: A Symposium Hosted at the Department of Anthropology, University of Sydney, March 25-26, 2010. Sydney: University of Sydney, 2010.
Davies, Terence. The Neon Bible. Triumph Video, 1998, Videocassette (VHS), 92 min.
Dollimore, Johnathon, and Keith Hall, ed. Political Shakespeare: Essays in Cultural Materialism. 2nd ed. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1994.
Donahue, William Collins. "The Shadow Play of Religion in Fritz Lang's Metropolis." New England Review 24, no. 4 (Fall 2003): 207-221. Reprinted in Film & Philosophy (PHL214/414): Unit Reader 2011. Murdoch, WA: Murdoch University, 2011.
Foner, Eric. "Thomas Paine's Republic: Radical Ideology and Social Change." In The American Revolution: Explorations in the History of American Radicalism, edited by Alfred F. Young, 187-232. Dekalb, IL: Northern Illinois University Press, 1976. Reprinted in Turning Points in History (HIS182): Unit Reader 2009. Murdoch, WA: Murdoch University, 2009.
Gary, Stuart, pres. StarStuff. “Black Hole Death Ray.” Aired on ABC News Radio, December 23, 2007, 40:44 min.
Gould, Glenn. "Streisand as Schwarzkopf." In The Glenn Gould Reader, edited by Tim Page, 308-11. New York: Vintage, 1984.
Greenberg, Joel, ed. Of Prairie, Woods, and Water: Two Centuries of Chicago Nature Writing. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008.
Hallin, Daniel C. "Sound Bite News: Television Coverage of Elections, 1968-1988." Journal of Communication 42, no. 2 (June 1992): 5-24.
Hampton, Mark. "The Press, Patriotism, and Public Discussion: C. P. Scott, the Manchester Guardian, and the Boer War, 1899–1902." The Historical Journal 44, no. 1 (March 2001): 177-197.
Hirst, John. "Macquarie, Lachlan." In The Oxford Companion to Australian History, edited by Graeme Davison, John Hirst and Stuart Macintyre, 172. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Holdsworth, A. "Who Do You Think You Are? Family History and Memory on British Television." In Televising History: Mediating the Past in Postwar Europe, edited by Erin Bell and Ann Gray. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010. doi:10.1057/9780230277205.
Jones, Henry. "Shakespearean Tragedy: Lectures on Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, Macbeth." International Journal of Ethics 16, no. 1 (October 1905): 99-105.
Jotischy, Andrew. "The Christians of Jerusalem, the Holy Sepulchre and the Origins of the First Crusade." Crusades 7 (October 2008): 35-57.
MacIntosh, Angus, M.L. Samuels, Michael Benskin, Margaret Laing, and Keith Williamson. A Linguistic Atlas of Late Mediaeval English. 4 vols. Aberdeen: Aberdeen UP, 1987.
Mann, Jill. "Chaucer and the 'Woman Question.'" In This Noble Craft: Proceedings of the Tenth Research Symposium of the Dutch and Belgian University Teachers of Old and Middle English and Historical Linguistics, Utrecht, January 19-20, 1989, edited by Erik Kooper, 173-88. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1991.
Medley, D. J. The Church and the Empire, Being an Outline of the History of the Church from A.D. 1003 to A.D. 1304. 1910 ed. Salt Lake City: Project Gutenberg, 2005.
Moreno, Antonio F. Church, State, and Civil Society in Post-authoritarian Philippines: Narratives of Engaged Citizenship. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 2006.
Powell, James M. "The Crusades in Recent Research." The Catholic Historical Review 95, no. 2 (April 2009): 313-319.
Schlee, Gunther, and Isir Schlee. "Limits to Political Engagement: The Case of the Somali Diaspora." Working Paper Series 125. Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, Halle, Germany, 2010.
Schwartz, Dominique. The World Today. "Pike River Workers Lose Their Jobs." Aired on December 14, 2010 on ABC Radio, 4:25 min.
Slackman, Michael. "Poland, Bastion of Religion, Sees Rise in Secularism." New York Times, December 11, 2010.
State Records Office of Western Australia. "Retention and Disposal Schedules." Disposal of State Records. Updated November 17, 2008. 
Stewart, Cameron. "Man of War Who Helped Create Anzac Legend." The Australian, November 6, 2010. Factiva
University of California. Calisphere: A World of Primary Sources and More. Oakland, CA: California Digital Library, 2010. Updated October 27, 2016.
Western Australia. Department of Treasury and Finance. An Economic History of Western Australia Since Colonial Settlement: 175th Anniversary of Colonial Settlement 1829-2004. Perth: The Department, 2004. Research Paper.
Western Australia. Department of Treasury and Finance. Reducing the Burden: Report of the Red Tape Reduction Group. Perth: The Department, 2009.

Woznica, Mirek. "A Counter-History of Art." PhD diss., Murdoch University, 1997.