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Footnote - Referencing Guide

AI Generated Content


Chicago Footnote style does not provide specific guidance on citing generative AI software, such as ChatGPT.

It is recommended that references for generative AI content be based on the referencing guidance for

Rather than citing Generative AI as a source of information, you would, instead, be citing the use of a tool - Generative AI.

References should provide clear and accurate information for each source and should identify where they have been used in your work.

  • Include the owner and name/description of the AI program, the way you received the content, and the full date you received or generated it.
  • Cite the source in notes only, do not include it in your bibliography.


Note: It is likely that the Information about using and referencing ChatGPT and other generative AI tools in assignments and publications will continue to be updated. We recommend checking this page regularly to keep up with any changes.


In-text citation or note:

Number.Originator of the communication, medium, Day Month, Year.

1 OpenAI's ChatGPT AI language model, response to question from author, 7 February, 2023.   

See the All Examples page for examples of in-text and reference list entries for specific resources such as articles, books and web pages.

Bibliography Entries

For ease of use, this guide divides bibliography entries into different formats.
Select the format you require from the Bibliography Entries menu or select from the links below: