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Footnote - Referencing Guide

A-V Materials


Standard format for citation


Reporter or Director, A, credit. Title: Subtitle. Season #, episode #, "Title of Episode" (if appropriate). Special credits. Aired on Month Day, Year, on Network (if appropriate), duration. Internet address (if appropriate).



Performer, Composer or Director, A, credit. Title: Subtitle. Special credits. Place of publication: Publisher, Year, format, duration.


YouTube/Vimeo videos:

Author, A. or Screen name. "Title of Video." Special credits. Uploaded or Filmed on Month Day, Year. YouTube OR Vimeo video, duration. Internet address of specific video.


Note: A performer or composer is only given principal credit if they are the focus of the recording, otherwise the material is listed in the bibliography by title.

Radio programme

Schwartz, Dominique. The World Today. "Pike River Workers Lose Their Jobs." Aired on December 14, 2010 on ABC Radio, 4:25 min.

Sound recordings

Young, Dougie, vocalist. The Songs of Dougie Young. "I Don't Want Your Money." Recorded in 1994. National Library of Australia, compact disc, 3:13 min.


Scott, Ridley, dir. Blade Runner. With performances by Harrison Ford, Rutger Hauer, and Sean Young. Burbank, CA: Warner Home Video, 1983, DVD, 114 min.

Television programme

Ferguson, Sarah. Four Corners. "The Deal." Aired on October 4, 2010 on ABC Television, 35:15 min.

Video recording

Davies, Terence. The Neon Bible. Triumph Video, 1998, Videocassette (VHS), 92 min.

YouTube/Vimeo video

NRK. "Medieval Helpdesk with English Subtitles." Uploaded on February 26, 2007. YouTube video, 2:44 min.

See the All Examples page for examples of in-text and reference list entries for specific resources such as A-V materials, articles, books, and web pages.