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Footnote - Referencing Guide



  The authors' names are given as they appear on the publication you have used.

  List all authors in the bibliography.

  Capitalisation practice should be consistent.

  Titles and subtitles of books are given maximal capitalisation.

  All words other than prepositions, conjunctions, and definite and indefinite articles (a, an, the) are capitalised.

  Book titles are italicised when typed or underlined when handwritten.

  Information about places of publication should follow the guidelines for place names.


Standard format for citation

Authored work:

Author, A. A., and B. B. Author. Title: Subtitle. Special credits (if appropriate). Edition. Place of publication: Name of Publisher, Year.


Edited work: 

Editor, A. A., and B. B. Editor, eds. Title: Subtitle. Special credits (if appropriate). Edition. Place of publication: Name of  Publisher, Year.


Single author or editor

Boyle, Jimmy. The Pain of Confinement: Prison Diaries. Edinburgh: Canongate, 1984.

Greenberg, Joel, ed. Of Prairie, Woods, and Water: Two Centuries of Chicago Nature Writing. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008.

More than one author or editor

Dollimore, Johnathon, and Keith Hall, ed. Political Shakespeare: Essays in Cultural Materialism. 2nd ed. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1994.

MacIntosh, Angus, M.L. Samuels, Michael Benskin, Margaret Laing, and Keith Williamson. A Linguistic Atlas of Late Mediaeval English. 4 vols. Aberdeen: Aberdeen UP, 1987.

Savage-Rumbaugh, Sue, Stuart G. Shanker and Talbot J. Taylor. Apes, Language and the Human Mind. New York: Oxford UP, 1998.

Later edition

Chaucer, Geoffrey. The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer. Edited by F. N. Robinson. 2nd ed. London: Oxford UP, 1957.

Newcomb, Horace, ed. Television: The Critical View. 6th ed. New York: Oxford UP, 2000.

Multivolume work

Summerfield, Geoffrey. Voices: An Anthology of Poetry and Pictures. 3 vols. London: Penguin, 1968.


Lynn, Richard John. Chinese Literature: A Draft Bibliography in Western European Languages. Oriental Monograph Series 24. Canberra: Australian National UP, 1979.

Anthology or compilation

West, T. G., ed. and trans. Symbolism: An Anthology. London: Methuen, 1980.


Moliere. Five Plays: Moliere. Translated by John Wood. Melbourne: Penguin, 1953.

Two or more books by the same author

Pilger, John. Distant Voices. London: Vintage, 1992.

---. A Secret Country. London: Cape, 1989.


Australian Copyright Council. Copyright for Book Publishers: A Practical Guide. Redfern, NSW: ACC, 1997.

Government publications

Australia. Department of Aboriginal Affairs. Programs in Action for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People: Achievements. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service for Department of Aboriginal Affairs, 1989.

Western Australia. Department of Treasury and Finance. An Economic History of Western Australia Since Colonial Settlement: 175th Anniversary of Colonial Settlement 1829-2004. Perth: The Department, 2004. Research Paper.

Please Note: Documents authored by government departments are cited following the jurisdiction they report to. Precede the department name with Australia., Western Australia., etc.