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Rule 1.16 explains the structure and formatting of bibliographies.

Where a bibliography is required, it should list all sources that were relied upon (not only those referred to in the text and footnotes).

The bibliography may be divided into sections.
A section may be omitted and other categories or subdivisions included as needed (with appropriate numbering).

  Articles / Books / Reports

B   Cases

C   Legislation

D   Treaties

E   Other


All sources listed in the bibliography should be cited as set out in these rules (cases should be set out as if referred to in the text).


  • an author’s first name and surname should be inverted and separated by a comma – for works by two or more authors, only the first author’s name and surname should be inverted
  • full stops should not follow the citations

Sources should be listed in alphabetical order according to:

  • the surname of the first-listed author
  • where the author is an institution, the first word of the name of the institution (excluding ‘the’)
  • where there is no author, the first word of the title

Where two authors have the same surname, the authors should be sorted alphabetically according to their first names.

Where more than one work of an author is listed, the works should be listed in chronological order.

Always refer to the Australian Guide to Legal Citation when completing your work.

The Australian Guide to Legal Citation

The citation style which is followed by the Murdoch University School of Law is outlined in the
Australian Guide to Legal Citation (AGLC) produced by Melbourne University Law Review Association in collaboration with the Melbourne Journal of International Law.


Inserting footnotes

Word inserts a reference mark in the text and adds the footnote at the bottom of the page.

1.   Click where you want to add the footnote.

2.   Select References > Insert Footnote.

3.   Type the footnote text.

4.   To return to your place in your document, double-click the footnote mark.

Shortcut:   Ctrl+Alt+F to insert a footnote.

A more detailed explanation can be accessed from How to Add a Footnote to Microsoft Word