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MLA - Referencing Guide

Citing Personal Communications

Citing Personal Communications

Personal communications include letters, memos, personal interviews, telephone conversations, emails, discussion board, generative AI (ChatGPT) or forum conversations.

Please note: Some assignments do not permit the use of ChatGPT or other generative Artificial Intelligence (AI) tools. 

Confirm with your course lecturer what is permitted for a specific assignment prior to commencing.

Cite personal communications in the text as you would any other source of information. 

See the All Examples page for examples of in-text and reference list entries for specific resources such as articles, books, and web pages.