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MLA - Referencing Guide

Citing Images

Citing Images

All images, referred to in the text or reproduced in an essay, assignment or presentation, must be cited and included in your Works Cited list.

When referring to an image in the text of your essay, give a short citation consisting of the name of the artist (s), creator(s) or author(s), and, if appropriate, the relevant page, figure, table, paragraph number or time:

Debate raged about the ethics of child care after the publication of the cartoon "Thoughts of a Baby Lying in a Child Care Centre" in the Sydney Morning Herald (Leunig 24).

The power and strength of the female athlete is depicted in Leibovitz's portrait of Jackie Joyner-Kersee (72).

The positive and negative implications of five aspects of Confucian ethics were analysed (Yeh and Xu table 1).

Ardagna et al. have created a three layer structure for e-services: e-service components, an application server and the operating system platform (fig. 1).

The fear of the officers, who had no desire to meet with Ned Kelly, is unambiguously portrayed on the face of the trooper in the painting The Encounter (Nolan).

The artistic process of characterisation is explained in Marion Kessel's film Making of a Monologue (00:10:10).

When reproducing any visual material, such as a photograph, artwork, map, graph or chart, in your essay, assignment or presentation, it should be labelled with Figure (usually abbreviated as Fig.) and assigned a numeral. The full reference for the source should be given as a caption and placed immediately below the image:

Fig. 1. Leunig, Michael. "Thoughts of a Baby Lying in a Child Care Centre." The Sydney Morning Herald, 27 July 1995, p. 24.

Fig. 2. Jackie Joyner-Kersee from Leibovitz, Annie. Olympic Portraits. Little Brown, 1996, p. 72.

Fig. 3. The positive and negative implications of Confucian ideas (Table 1) from Yeh, Quey-Jen, and Xiaojun Xu. "The Effect of Confucian Work Ethics on Learning About Science and Technology Knowledge and Morality." Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 95, no. 1, 2010, pp. 111-28. ProQuest,

Fig. 4. E-services three-layered structure (Fig. 1) from Ardagna, Claudio Agostino, et al. "Open-Source Solution to Secure E-Government Services." Encyclopedia of Digital Government. Edited by Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko and Matti Malkia, e-book ed., Idea Group Reference, 2007, pp.1300-05. IGI Global,

Fig. 5. Nolan, Sydney. The Encounter. 1946. National Gallery of Australia,

Fig. 6. The Making of a Monologue: Robert Wilson's Hamlet. Directed by Marion Kessel, Cinema Guild, 1995, 00:10:10. Theatre in Video,

See the All Examples page for examples of in-text and reference list entries for specific resources such as articles, books, and web pages.