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MLA - Referencing Guide


Standard MLA Abbreviations

Standard abbreviations may be used in your citations.

A list of acceptable, commonly used abbreviations can be found in MLA Handbook, 9th ed., pp. 294-95.

Some of the more often used examples are listed here:


Chapter ch.
Department dept.



et alii, et aliae, et alia (and others) - from Latin

et al.
Number no.
Press P
Page(s) p. (pp.)
Paragraph par.
Quoted in  qtd. in
Revised  rev. 
Section sec.
Translation trans.
University U
University Press UP
Volume(s) vol. (vols.)

See the All Examples page for examples of in-text and reference list entries for specific resources such as articles, books, and web pages.