Skip to Main Content

MLA - Referencing Guide

Book Chapters




•  These examples are for chapters or parts of edited works in which the chapters or parts have an individual title and author/s but are included in collections or textbooks edited by others.

  If the editors of a work are also the authors of all of the included chapters, then it should be cited as a whole book using the examples given for Books.

The title of the chapter or part is enclosed in quotation marks and given maximal capitalisation.

Do include the protocol (http:// or https://) with DOIs

Do not include the protocol (http:// or https://) in URLs unless hyperlinking to the resource (unless using a software program such as EndNote that does not allow links without the protocol).

 Cite by title if no author or producer is given.

Additional information must be provided (depending on the type of electronic publication) to correctly identify that you accessed the document in an electronic format.

The authors' names are given as they appear on the publication you have used, i.e., use full first name where provided or first name initials where initials only are provided.


Standard format for citation

Author's Surname, Given Names. "Title of Chapter or Part." Title: Subtitle of Book, edited by Editor Name, edition (if not the first), Publisher, Year, pp. pages.


Chapter in an edited e-book

Nesbit, E. Ballads and Lyrics of Socialism. London, 1908. Victorian Women Writers Project, edited by Perry Willett, e-book ed., Indiana U., May 2000,

Tygstmp, Fredetik. "Changing Spaces: Salman Rushdie's Mapping of Post-Colonial Territories." Literary Landscapes: From Modernism to Postcolonialism, edited by Attie de Lange, et al., e-book ed., Palgrave Macmillan, 2008, pp.198-213. ProQuest Ebook Central,

Chapter in an edited print book

Sweeney, John. "The New Internationalism." Global Backlash: Citizen Initiatives in a Just World Economy, edited by Robin Broad, MacMillan Press, 2002, pp. 55-62.

Single chapter from an anthology or compilation

Calvino, Italo. "Cybernetics and Ghosts." The Uses of Literature: Essays, translated by Patrick Creagh, Harcourt, 1982, pp. 3-27.

Article from an electronic encyclopaedia

Courtright, Jeffrey L., and Peter M. Smudde. "Power and Public Relations." The International Encyclopedia of Communication, edited by Wolfgang Donsbach, e-book ed., Blackwell Publishing, 2008. Wiley Online Library,

Article in an encyclopaedia

Fowler, Alastair. "Genre." International Encyclopedia of Communications, edited by Erik Barnouw, et al., vol. 2, Oxford UP, c1989, p. 215-17.

Article from an electronic dictionary:  No author

"Suffragettes." A Dictionary of Contemporary World History, edited by Jan Palmowski, 3rd ed., e-book ed., Oxford University Press, 2008. Oxford Reference Online,


See the All Examples page for examples of in-text and reference list entries for specific resources such as articles, books, and web pages.