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Chicago - Referencing Guide

Internet Documents


Cite documents published on the internet according to the specific guidelines for the type of document. More specific information is available for Books and Journal Articles.

Government reports and company annual reports are examples of documents that may be published on the internet.

Access dates are only included for items without a date of publication or modification, see the Chicago Manual of Style, 17th ed., sec. 15.50.

A forum or discussion board is cited in the same way as a blog.

If not date of publication or revision can be found, record n.d. as the date of publication and include the date of access. 

Please note: If no author or editor is given and the document is not a part, article or chapter, then citation is by title, and format will precede the year of publication.


Standard format for citation

Author, A. A. Year. Title: Subtitle. Place of Publication: Publisher. Internet address.


Electronic document

Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority. 2003. Australian Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals Management System: A Report to Government by the APVMA - June 2003. Canberra: APVMA.

Shiell, Kevin. 2006. Animal Welfare Inventory Report to AAWS - Livestock Production Working Group.

Government publication: Australian Bureau of Statistics document

Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2001. Veterinary Services, Australia, 1999-2000 (cat. no. 8564.0). AusStats.

Government publication: Government department

Australia. Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry. 2003. Quarantine Requirements for the Importation of Live Laboratory Rats and Mice and Their Reproductive Material.


World Wildlife Fund. 2010. WWF Worldwide.

United Nations. n.d. Vessel Movements. Accessed April 6, 2023.

Blog entry

Tudor, Ken. 2015. "Protecting pets in abusive human relationships." The Daily Vet (blog), June 9, 2015.

Analytics report

Google Analytics. 2017. Analytics 3.1: Water Corporation Domain Only (Excluding Internal Traffic and Bots%2FSpiders) Overview 20160701-20170630. http://Analytics 3.1 Water Corporation Domain Only (Excluding Internal Traffic and Bots%2FSpiders) Overview 20160701-20170630.pdf.

See the All Examples page for examples of in-text and reference list entries for specific resources such as articles, books, internet documents and web pages.