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Chicago - Referencing Guide



  See Book Chapters guidance page to reference book chapters, as this page has guidance for referencing whole books.

The authors' names are given as they appear on the publication you have used, i.e., use full first name where provided or first name initials where initials only are provided.

Capitalisation practice should be consistent.

Titles and subtitles of books are given maximal capitalisation (title case).

All words other than prepositions, conjunctions, and definite and indefinite articles (a, an, the) are capitalised.

Book titles are italicised when typed or underlined when handwritten.

Information about places of publication should follow the guidelines for place names.

•  Include the DOI for e-books in your reference, if given.


Standard format for citation

Authored work:

Author, A. A., and B. B. Author. Year. Title: Subtitle. Edition. Place of publication: Name of Publisher.


DOI available:

Author, A., and B. Author. Date of original publication. Title of E-book: Subtitle. Place of Publication: Publisher.


No DOI available:

From the Library:

Author, A., and B. Author. Date of original publication. Title of E-book: Subtitle. Place of Publication: Publisher. Source.


From the Internet:

Author, A., and B. Author. Date of original publication.  Title of e-book: Subtitle. Place of Publication: Publisher. Internet address.


Edited work:

Editor, A. A, and B. B. Editor, eds. Year. Title: Subtitle. Edition. Place of publication: Name of Publisher.


Single author

Author full first name provided

Eckes, Thomas. 2000. The Developmental Social Psychology of Gender. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. netLibrary e-book.

Author first names' initials only provided

Nicholas, F. W. 2010. Introduction to Veterinary Genetics. 3rd ed. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

Two authors

Author full first name provided

Rosenfeld, Andrew J., and Sharon M. Dial. 2010. Clinical Pathology for the Veterinary Team. Ames, IA: Wiley-Blackwell.

Three or more authors

Author full first name provided

Bass, Len, Paul Clements, and Rick Kazman. 2003. Software Architecture in Practice. 2nd ed. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley. Safari e-book.

Millon, Theodore, Roger Davis, Carrie Millon, Luis Escovar, and Sarah Meagher. 2000. Personality Disorders in Modern Life. New York: Wiley.

Edited work

​​​​​​​Author full first name provided

Butler, J. Douglas, and David F. Walbert, eds. 1986. Abortion, Medicine and the Law. New York: Facts on File Publications.

Parpart, Jane L., M. Patricia Connelly, and V. Eudine Barriteau, eds. 2000. Theoretical Perspectives on Gender and Development. Ottawa, Canada: International Development Research Centre.

Author first names' initials only provided

Woodward, K. N., ed. 2009. Veterinary Pharmacovigilance: Adverse Reactions to Veterinary Medicinal Products. Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.

Later edition

​​​​​​​Author full first name provided

Ettinger, Stephen J., and Edward C. Feldman, eds. 2010. Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine: Diseases of the Dog and the Cat. 7th ed. St Louis: Elsevier Saunders.

No date of publication

​​​​​​​Author full first name provided

Bligh, Beatrice. n.d. Cherish the Earth. Sydney: Macmillan.

Two or more books by the same author published in the same year

​​​​​​​Author full first name provided

Gilbert, Sandra M. 1972a. Acts of Attention: The Poems of D. H. Lawrence. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Gilbert, Sandra M. 1972b. Emily's Bread: Poems. New York: Norton.

Multivolume work

​​​​​​​Author full first name provided

Russell, Bertrand. 1967. The Autobiography of Bertrand Russell. 3 vols. London: Allen & Unwin.


​​​​​​​Author full first name provided

Proust, Marcel. 1970. Jean Santeuil. Translated by G. Hopkins. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Edited translation (where role of editor or translator is of chief importance)

Author first names' initials only provided

West, T. G., ed. & trans. 1980. Symbolism: An Anthology. London: Methuen.


Ansett Transport Industries Ltd. 1984. Annual Report 1983-84. Melbourne: ATI.

Government publication

Australian Bureau of Statistics. 1985. Projections of the Population of Australia, States and Territories, 1984 to 2021, Cat. no. 3222.0. Canberra: ABS.

Government department reports

Australia. Department of Aboriginal Affairs. 1989. Programs in Action for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People: Achievements. Canberra: AGPS.

Western Australia. Environmental Protection Authority. 1998. Industrial Infrastructure and Harbour Development, Jervoise Bay. Bulletin 908. Perth: EPA.

Please Note: Documents authored by government departments are cited following the jurisdiction they report to. Precede the department name with Australia., Western Australia., etc.

See the All Examples page for examples of in-text and reference list entries for specific resources such as articles, books and web pages.