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Chicago - Referencing Guide

AI Generated Content


There are no specific guidelines for citing ChatGPT or other generative AI in Chicago style.  This is interim advice only and subject to change.

How do I reference something created by generative AI?

It is recommended that references for generative AI content be based on the referencing guidance for

Rather than citing Generative AI as a source of information, you would, instead, be citing the use of a tool - Generative AI.

References should provide clear and accurate information for each source and should identify where they have been used in your work.

Generative AI tools such as ChatGPT cannot accurately cite their own sources.
Any references they provide may be false or non-existent – you should always check the original source for any references that are generated.


This information is based on La Trobe Referencing Generative AI Guide




OpenAI. (2022). DALL-E (Version 2) [Artificial intelligence system].

OpenAI. (2022). ChatGPT (Version 3) [AI text generation tool].



See the All Examples page for examples of in-text and reference list entries for specific resources such as articles, books, social media, and web pages.

Reference List Entries

For ease of use, this guide divides reference list entries into different formats.
Select the format you require from the Reference List Entries menu or select from the links below: