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IEEE - Referencing Guide

AI Generated Content


Note: This is interim advice only and subject to change.

  IEEE has stated Artificial Intelligence (AI) outputs, including products of chatbots, are not cited for publication purposes. 

  Cite as Private Communication

  • As the private communication may not provide recoverable data, the private communication may be cited in-text only. 
  • If citing your private communication in-text only, provide the initials as well as the surname of the communicator, along with as exact date of communication as possible.

  Rather than citing Generative AI as a source of information, you would, instead, be citing the use of a tool - Generative AI.

  • Citation Format - Use of AI and Example - Use of AI are for when AI generated text is used as part of your work and a reference is required.
  • It is recommended prompts submitted to generate content be included in an Appendix to your paper or presentation.

Example - Private Communication

In-text example:

Modern research tools lead to better results (Microsoft's Microsoft Copilot for Microsoft 365, private communication, 10 March 2023).

Reference list:

You do not need to include an entry in the reference list.

Format - Use of AI

Standard format for citation

Software/App used:

[#] Company or A. A. Creator, Place of Publication. Year published. Title of Software in Title Case and Italics, ver. xx. Available: URL


AI Program response used:

[#] Author (Program Name), response to author query. Publisher [Online]. URL, (Accessed date).


Example - Use of AI

Software used:

[1] Microsoft, Washington, USA. 2023. Microsoft Copilot for Microsoft 365. Available:


AI Program response used:

[2] Microsoft Copilot for Microsoft 365, response to author query. Microsoft [Online]. (accessed June 11, 2024).



See the All Examples page for examples of in-text and reference list entries for specific resources such as articles, books, social media, and web pages.