• Only the author's initials are included regardless of the presentation of the author's name in the source document.
• The names of all authors should be given in the references unless the number of authors is greater than six.
• If there are more than six authors, you may use et al. after the name of the first author.
• Capitalisation practice should be consistent.
• Every (important) word in the title of a work must be capitalised.
• Only the first word of a subtitle should be capitalised.
• Capitalise the "v" in Volume for a book title.
• Information about places of publication should folllow the guidelines for place names.
Standard format for citation
[#] A. A. Author, Title: Subtitle (in italics), Edition(if not the first), Vol.(if a multivolume work). Place of publication: Publisher, Year, page number(s) (if appropriate).
[#] A. A. Editor, Title: Subtitle (in italics), Edition(if not the first), Vol.(if a multivolume work). Place of publication: Publisher, Year, page number(s) (if appropriate).
Single author or editor
 W.-K. Chen, Linear Networks and Systems. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1993, pp. 123-135.
 S. M. Hemmington, Soft Science. Saskatoon: University of Saskatchewan Press, 1997.
 D. Sarunyagate, Ed., Lasers. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1996.
Two or three authors or editors
 T. Jordan and P. A. Taylor, Hacktivism and Cyberwars: Rebels with a cause? London: Routledge, 2004.
 U. J. Gelinas, Jr., S. G. Sutton, and J. Fedorowicz, Business Processes and Information Technology. Cincinnati: South-Western/Thomson Learning, 2004.
More than three authors
 R. Hayes, G. Pisano, D. Upton, and S. Wheelwright, Operations, Strategy, and Technology: Pursuing the competitive edge. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2005.
 K. Schwalbe, Information Technology Project Management, 3rd ed. Boston: Course Technology, 2004.
 M. N. DeMers, Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems, 3rd ed. New York: John Wiley, 2005.
 The Oxford Dictionary of Computing, 5th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.
 J. Voogt and G. Knezek, Eds., International Handbook of Information Technology in Primary and Secondary Education, 9th ed., 2 Vols. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger, 1993.
 M. Bell, et al., Universities Online: A survey of online education and services in Australia, Occasional Paper Series 02-A. Canberra: Department of Education, Science and Training, 2002.
 World Bank, Information and Communication Technologies: A World Bank group strategy. Washington, DC: World Bank, 2002.
 Australian Government Information Management Office, Meeting the Demand for ICT Skills in the Australian Public Service: Report of the ICT Professional and Skills Development Taskforce. Canberra: AGIMO, 2007.
 Australia. Attorney-Generals Department., Digital Agenda Review, 4 Vols. Canberra: Attorney- General's Department, 2003.
Please Note: Documents authored by government departments are cited following the jurisdiction they report to. Precede the department name with Australia., Western Australia., etc.
Scientific / Technical report
 K. E. Elliott and C.M. Greene, "A local adaptive protocol," Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, France, Tech. Rep. 916-1010-BB, 1997.
Patent / Standard
 K. Kimura and A. Lipeles, "Fuzzy controller component," U. S. Patent 14,860,040, December 14, 1996.
 "Catalog No. MWM-1, Microwave components," M. W. Microwave Corp., Brooklyn, NY.
 Hewlett-Packard, "Appl. note 935," pp. 25-29.