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IEEE Style: Citing Personal Communications

A guide to IEEE referencing style for Murdoch University students and staff

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Citing Personal Communications

Personal comunications include conversations, letters, interviews, e-mails and telephone conversations.

IEEE style states that you cite only published works, forthcoming published works, and unpublished materials available to scholars in a library, a depository, or an archive.

For interviews or other "non-recoverable" information, no citation number is necessary.

This does not mean that an attempt to identify the author is unnecessary, but that it needs to be done in the text itself:

"In a personal interview with Bill Gates, he suggested that he would soon rule the world."

"In a letter to the author, Professor Mueller detailed his expereinnces with using this data collection software."