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IEEE - Referencing Guide

Internet Documents


Cite documents published on the internet according to the specific guidelines for the type of document. More specific information is available for E-books and E-journals.

Government reports and company annual reports are examples of documents that may be published on the internet.

Please note: If no author or editor is given and the document is not a part, article or chapter, then citation is by title.


Standard format for citation

[#] A. Author, "Document title," Webpage name, Source/production information, Date of internet publication. [Format]. Available: internet address. [Accessed: Date of access].


Electronic document 

[1] European Telecommunications Standards Institute, “Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB): Implementation guidelines for DVB terrestrial services; transmission aspects,” European Telecommunications Standards Institute, ETSI TR-101-190, 1997. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: Aug. 17, 1998].

Electronic document: no author

[2] “A ‘layman’s’ explanation of Ultra Narrow Band technology,” Oct. 3, 2003. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: Dec. 3, 2003].

Government publication: Australian Bureau of Statistics document

[3] Australian Bureau of Statistics, Engineering Construction Activity (cat. no. 8762.0). Canberra: ABS, 2010. [Online]. Available from AusStats, [Accessed: Sept. 7, 2010].

Government publication: Government department

[4] Australia. Department of of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Survey on Changes in Awareness and Understanding of Science, Engineering and Technology: Report on findings. Canberra: The Department; 2008. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: Sept. 7, 2010].

Legislation: Commonwealth

[5] Australian Energy Market Act 2004 (Cth). [Online]. Available: [Accessed: Apr. 11, 2019].

Legislation: State

[6] Alumina Refinery Agreement Act 1961 (WA). [Online]. Available:$FILE/Alumina%20Refinery%20Agreement%20Act%201961%20-%20%5B03-a0-03%5D.pdf?OpenElement. [Accessed: Apr. 11, 2019].

Personal internet site

[7] G. Sussman, "Home page - Dr. Gerald Sussman," July 2002. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: Sept. 12, 2004].

General internet site

[8] J. Geralds, "Sega Ends Production of Dreamcast,", para. 2, Jan. 31, 2001. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: Sept. 12, 2004].

Blog entry

[9] J. A. Specavek, "Fracking and the Stresses it Adds to Railroads," It's the Rheo Thing, May 18, 2015. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: Jun. 9, 2015].