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MLA 8th - Referencing Guide

A-V Materials


Standard formats for citation

Television and radio programmes:

"Title of Episode." Title of Programme, credit Artist Name, credit Artist Name, season, episode number, Name of Network, [Day and Abbrev. month] Year.


Cinematic works:

Artist Surname, Given Names, credit. Title of Work: Subtitle. Additional credit Artist Name, version, Distributor, Year.


Sound recordings:

Artist Surname, Given Names, credit. "Title of Song". Title of Work: Subtitle, additional credit Artist Name, Publisher, Year, internet address [if applicable].


YouTube/Vimeo video:

Author Surname, Given Names OR Screen name. "Title of Video." Title of Site, Day Abbrev. Month Year of publication, internet address.



Moore, Michael, writer and director. Bowling for Columbine, AV Channel, 2003.

Radio programme

"Black Soccer Heroes." Message Stick, presented by Daniel Browning, guest speaker Dr. John Maynard, ABC Radio, 9 Jun. 2006.

Sound recordings

Bolton, Geoffrey C., speaker. Towards an Australian Environmental History, Media Services, Murdoch University, 1975.

St. Laurance Chamber Choir, performers. Commemoration, Ritual and Performance: The Iberian Connection: Medieval and Renaissance Music from the St Laurence Chamber Choir, directed by N. McEwan, Centre for Medieval Studies, University of Sydney, 2005.

Television programme

"Big Fish, Little Fish." Four Corners, presented by Chris Masters, ABC Television, 27 Mar. 2006.

Video recording

Russell, Geoff, writer, producer and narrator. Tackling Bullies: An Australian Perspective, produced by Peter Wiseman, Video Classroom, 1995.


Scott, Ridley, director. Blade Runner. Performance by Harrison Ford, original release, Warner Bros., 1982.

YouTube/Vimeo video

NRK. "Medieval Helpdesk with English Subtitles." YouTube. 26 Feb. 2007,