Skip to Main Content

MLA - Referencing Guide

Social Media


Social media could include a personal communication such as an email, text or SnapChat message; a Facebook page or entry; blog, Twitter or Instagram posts; YouTube, Vimeo or Ted Talk videos; or comments on a variety of social media.


Standard format for email, SnapChat and text messages 

Author's Surname, Given Names. Details of message. Date of communication.


Standard format for social media comments 

Author's Surname, Given Names. Comment on "Title or Description."  Author of social media post [media identifier], Source, Date of post creation, internet address.


Standard format for social media posts 

Creator's Surname, Given Names [media identifier]. "Title or Description." Source, Date of creation, internet address.


Standard format for YouTube/TED/Vimeo video:

"Title of Video." Title of Site, uploaded by Credit, Day Abbrev. Month Year of publication, internet address.


Blog entry

Morris, Sylvia. "Anticipating Macbeth on Film." The Shakespeare Blog, 9 June 2015,

Blog comment

Generalgtony. Comment on "Black England: No Wall of Separation?" Jane Austen's World, 26 Apr. 2021, 04:49 am,

Email, Text or SnapChat message

Brown, Collette. Text message to the author. 23 Dec. 2015.

Fisher, John. Email to the author. 14 Apr. 2020.

Messingham, Penny. Email to the Copyright Council. 5 June 2018.

Zacariah, Moses. SnapChat message to the author. 4 June 2021.

Facebook post

Royal Opera House. "A Sneak-Peek at Rehearsals for Balanchine and Robbins!" Facebook, 2 June 2021,

Facebook comment

Aymerich, Mauricio. Comment on "We are Delighted to Announce Our Shortlist for the 2021 International Booker Prize." The Booker Prizes, Facebook, 23 Apr. 2021, 

Instagram post

Atwood, Margaret [@therealmargaretatwood]. Photo of Songs for Murdered Sisters cover. Instagram, 17 Mar. 2021,

Instagram comment

Roblwood. Comment on "It’s Weird Going Back and Looking at Scripts..." Tim Minchin [@timminchin], Instagram, 28 July 2020,


Maiden, Samantha [@samanthamaiden]. "To be a good journalist, in my opinion, you need to be a completely obsessive, detail person. I don’t know who did this but whoever they are they are a very good journalist." Twitter, Mar. 30 2021,

YouTube/TED/Vimeo video

"Medieval Helpdesk with English Subtitles." YouTube, uploaded by NRK, 26 Feb. 2007,

"3 Ways to Fix a Broken News Industry." TED, uploaded by Lara Setrakian, Jan. 2017, broken_news_industry#t-521404.

YouTube comment

Kirk, James. Comment on "Medieval Helpdesk with English Subtitles." YouTube, 12 Feb. 2017,

See the All Examples page for examples of in-text and reference list entries for specific resources such as articles, books, and web pages.