• Social media could include a personal communication such as an email, text or SnapChat message; a Facebook page or entry; a blog; an Instagram or Twitter account; blog, Twitter or Instagram posts; a YouTube, Vimeo or Ted Talk video; comments on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, YouTube, Vimeo or blog posts; an app or a game.
• References for social media entries begin with the same information that would be provided for an electronic document.
• Additional information must be provided (depending on the type of social media) to correctly identify the media you have accessed and the date and time of entries and comments.
• Please note that the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2010). does not provide any examples for referencing social media materials; however, the information provided here has been created using examples given in the Social Media category of the APA Style Blog.
Standard format for citation
Creator, A. A. (Year, Month day). Title of entry [Format]. Title: Subtitle (if applicable). Publisher (if applicable). Retrieved from Internet address
Email, Text or SnapChat message
These types of material are unpublished personal communications and are not included in the reference list because they do not contain recoverable data. Cite personal communications in the text only.
Give the title, given name or initials as well as the surname of the communicator and provide as exact a date as possible:
Professor Visser (personal communication, January 16, 2004) gave his reasons for closing the laboratory, the reasons given were...
Dr A.C. Miller (personal communication, February 12, 2017) stated that ...
YouTube/Vimeo/Ted Talk video