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APA Style: Social Media

A guide to APA referencing style for Murdoch University students and staff

Information

Social media could include a personal communication such as an email, text or SnapChat message; a Facebook page or entry; a blog; an Instagram or Twitter account; blog, Twitter or Instagram posts; a YouTube, Vimeo or Ted Talk video; comments on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, YouTube, Vimeo or blog posts; an app or a game.

References for social media entries begin with the same information that would be provided for an electronic document.

Additional information must be provided (depending on the type of social media) to correctly identify the media you have accessed and the date and time of entries and comments.

Please note that the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2010). does not provide any examples for referencing social media materials; however, the information provided here has been created using examples given in the Social Media category of the APA Style Blog.

Format

Standard format for citation

Creator, A. A. (Year, Month day). Title of entry [Format]. Title: Subtitle (if applicable). Publisher (if applicable). Retrieved from Internet address

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Examples

Email, Text or SnapChat message
These types of material are unpublished personal communications and are not included in the reference list because they do not contain recoverable data. Cite personal communications in the text only.

Give the title, given name or initials as well as the surname of the communicator and provide as exact a date as possible:

Professor Visser (personal communication, January 16, 2004) gave his reasons for closing the laboratory, the reasons given were...

OR

Dr A.C. Miller (personal communication, February 12, 2017) stated that ...

Blog post

Flower, R. (2015, June 1). How a simple formula for resolving problems and conflict can change your reality [Blog post]. Pick The Brain. Retrieved from http://www.pickthebrain.com/blog/how-a-simple-formula-for-resolving-problems-and-conflict-can-change-your-reality/

Blog comment

Stephen. (2017, February 21). Re: Why you should let your passion die [Blog comment]. Retrieved from https://psychcentral.com/blog/discuss/102347/

Facebook post

Murdoch University Library. (2017, February 22). In a dedication ceremony on Tuesday, Murdoch University celebrated the naming of the Library after eminent historian and Murdoch icon, the late Emeritus Professor Geoffrey Bolton [Facebook status update]. Retrieved from https://www.facebook.com/murdochlibrary/?fref=ts

Facebook comment

Beach, J. (2017, February 22). Re: In a dedication ceremony on Tuesday, Murdoch University celebrated the naming of the Library after eminent historian and Murdoch icon, the late Emeritus Professor Geoffrey Bolton [Facebook comment]. Retrieved from https://www.facebook.com/murdochlibrary/?fref=ts

Twitter post

Kruszelnicki, K. (2017, February 19). Fact-checker scientist @bengoldacre, evidence-based medicine, dead cat #Shirtloadsofscience: http://apple.co/2kXmeCd: http://bit.ly/2faxmw5 [Twitter post]. @DoctorKarl. Retrieved from https://twitter.com/DoctorKarl? ref_src=twsrc^google| twcamp^serp|twgr^author

YouTube/Vimeo/Ted Talk video

NRK. (2007, February 26). Medieval helpdesk with English subtitles. [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pQHX-SjgQvQ

Setrakian, L. (2017, January). Lara Setrakian: 3 ways to fix a broken news industry. [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.ted.com/talks/lara_setrakian_3_ways_to_fix_a_ broken_news_industry#t-521404

YouTube comment

Kirk, J. (2017, February). Re: Medieval helpdesk with English subtitles. [YouTube comment]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pQHX-SjgQvQ

Instagram post

Murdoch University Library. (2017, February 21). An exhibition entitled ‘Geoffrey Bolton: The Legacy of an Eminent Historian and Iconic Murdoch Figure’, featuring artworks, pictures, awards and memorabilia relating to his life, will be showcased in the University Library foyer until March 17 {Photograph]. Retrieved from https://www.instagram.com/murdochlibrary/

Instagram comment

Coltferrari. (2017, February 21). Re: An exhibition entitled ‘Geoffrey Bolton: The Legacy of an Eminent Historian and Iconic Murdoch Figure’, featuring artworks, pictures, awards and memorabilia relating to his life, will be showcased in the University Library foyer until March 17 {Instagram comment]. Retrieved from https://www.instagram.com/murdochlibrary/

App

StudentVIP. (2017). Lost on Campus (Version 4.1.3) [Mobile application software]. Retrieved from http://itunes.apple.com

Game

Persson, M., & Bergensten, J. (2011). Minecraft [Game]. Stockholm, Sweden: Mojang Synergies AB. Retrieved from https://minecraft.net/en-us/