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APA - Referencing Guide

E-journals

Information

•  The reference for an article from an e-journal is the same as for a print journal article, followed by a DOI or URL, if available.

•  URLs should not be used for articles retrieved from academic research databases.

•  If a DOI or URL is not available, the reference is the same format as for a print journal.

•  Do not include database information for articles retrieved from academic research databases, such as PsycINFO or CINAHL.

•  For articles with an article number or e-locator, include the word Article (capitalised) followed by the article number.

 

Format

Standard format for citation

DOI available:

Article Author, A. A., & Article Author, B. B. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number), inclusive page or paragraph numbers. DOI

 

URL available:

Article Author, A. A., & Article Author, B. B. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number), inclusive page or paragraph numbers. URL

 

With an article number:

Article Author, A. A., & Article Author, B. B. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number), Article number. DOI or URL

Examples

Journal article with a DOI

Borman, W. C., Hanson, M. A., Oppler, S. H., Pulakos, E. D., & White, L. A. (1993). Role of early supervisory experience in supervisor performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78(3), 443-449. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.78.3.443

Vogels, A. G. C., Crone, M. R., Hoekstra, F., & Reijneveld, S. A. (2009).  Comparing three short questionnaires to detect psychosocial dysfunction among primary school children: a randomized method. BMC Public Health, 9(1), 489. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-9-489

Wiskunde, B., Arslan, M., Fischer, P., Nowak, L., Van den Berg, O., Coetzee, L., Juárez, U., Riyaziyyat, E., Wang, C., Zhang, I., Li, P., Yang, R., Kumar, B., Xu, A., Martinez, R., McIntosh, V., Ibáñez, L. M., Mäkinen, G., Virtanen, E., . . . Kovács, A. (2019). Indie pop rocks mathematics: Twenty One Pilots, Nicolas Bourbaki, and the empty set. Journal of Improbable Mathematics, 27(1), 1935–1968. https://doi.org/10.0000/3mp7y-537

Journal article with a URL

Ahmann, E., Tuttle, L. J., Saviet, M., & Wright, S. D. (2018). A descriptive review of ADHD coaching research: Implications for college students. Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability, 31(1): 24-58. https://www.ahead.org/professional-resources/publications/jped/archived-jped/jped-volume-31

Journal article with an article number

March, E., & Springer, J. (2019). Belief in conspiracy theories: The predictive role of schizotypy, Machiavellianism, and primary psychopathy. PLoS One, 14(12): Article e0225964. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0225964

Journal article from the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

Hay, P. P. J., Bacaltchuk, J., Stefano, S., & Kashyap, P. (2009). Psychological treatments for bulimia nervosa and binging. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD000562.pub3